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選舉之後, 如何團結被分裂的國家?
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YY (O太太)
隆華
麥芽糖

在狂老的麻棧, 跟DDT543棧長, 就美國大選, 交換意見.

要說的, 是: 美國, 顯然, 也被選舉, 撕裂.

要討論的, 是: 選舉之後, 如何團結被分裂的國家?

兩千年, 美國很幸運: 高爾, 自動放棄. 還在國會, 把抗議的黑人民意代表, 給封殺.

到華盛頓, 可以看到: 南北戰爭, 留下的疤痕. 北軍, 很蠻橫! 但是, 他們, 如何修補傷口?

美國幸運, 他們, 如果, 身處歐洲. 也許, 南北戰爭之後, 就被鄰國消滅了.

麥芽糖, 沒有答案.

但是, 問題, 存在於臺灣.

願聽任何訪客的高見.

看了[英雄]嗎? 有時候, 從外界, 無法窺視決策的原因!
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echo 19─ No problem!
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麥芽糖

人心不同,各如其面,價值標準的不一,本是多元社會發展常態。每一個人的價值標準需要被統一、團結嗎?

在美國,確實布、凱之爭形成觀念的對立,但深厚的民主發展背景,早以建立法治的基本原則。於是 No problem!

在台灣,未累積足購的民主經驗,藍、綠的對立,更存在太多人為的操弄、偏頗的觀念,不尊重憲法、不承認中華民國的事,天天發生。民主沒有速成班,台灣不是資優生,學習民主的學費,還沒繳夠!

現今,「民主的持續發展」是最大的公約數,但大家都不尊重憲法是民主最基本的規則,於是只有人治,沒有法治!憲法之所以不受尊重,原因在於沒有即時的嚇阻力,而最大的嚇阻力就是人民的監督制衡權。現今人民的四權,只有選舉權被實現,罷免權因曠日費時,毫無實效,創制、複決權更付之闕如。這種俄羅斯輪盤式的民主環境,正是人治的溫床。

民主的機制,是建立在對人性的不信任上,於是強調監督制衡,今日myata君有識提出「選舉之後,如何團結被分裂的國家?」的問題,鞏固人民的監督制衡權,該是一個值得推展的方向!
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免啦!
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學阿扁: 布特勒, 把選擇凱利的, 都當成, 外國人.

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No Surrender 絕不低頭
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麥芽糖

一篇有骨氣的文章. 有空, 我會翻譯!



By PAUL KRUGMAN



Published: November 5, 2004



President Bush isn't a conservative. He's a radical - the leader of a coalition that deeply dislikes America as it is. Part of that coalition wants to tear down the legacy of Franklin Roosevelt, eviscerating Social Security and, eventually, Medicare. Another part wants to break down the barriers between church and state. And thanks to a heavy turnout by evangelical Christians, Mr. Bush has four more years to advance that radical agenda.

Democrats are now, understandably, engaged in self-examination. But while it's O.K. to think things over, those who abhor the direction Mr. Bush is taking the country must maintain their intensity; they must not succumb to defeatism.

This election did not prove the Republicans unbeatable. Mr. Bush did not win in a landslide. Without the fading but still potent aura of 9/11, when the nation was ready to rally around any leader, he wouldn't have won at all. And future events will almost surely offer opportunities for a Democratic comeback.

I don't hope for more and worse scandals and failures during Mr. Bush's second term, but I do expect them. The resurgence of Al Qaeda, the debacle in Iraq, the explosion of the budget deficit and the failure to create jobs weren't things that just happened to occur on Mr. Bush's watch. They were the consequences of bad policies made by people who let ideology trump reality.

Those people still have Mr. Bush's ear, and his election victory will only give them the confidence to make even bigger mistakes.

So what should the Democrats do?

One faction of the party is already calling for the Democrats to blur the differences between themselves and the Republicans. Or at least that's what I think Al From of the Democratic Leadership Council means when he says, "We've got to close the cultural gap." But that's a losing proposition.

Yes, Democrats need to make it clear that they support personal virtue, that they value fidelity, responsibility, honesty and faith. This shouldn't be a hard case to make: Democrats are as likely as Republicans to be faithful spouses and good parents, and Republicans are as likely as Democrats to be adulterers, gamblers or drug abusers. Massachusetts has the lowest divorce rate in the country; blue states, on average, have lower rates of out-of-wedlock births than red states.

But Democrats are not going to get the support of people whose votes are motivated, above all, by their opposition to abortion and gay rights (and, in the background, opposition to minority rights). All they will do if they try to cater to intolerance is alienate their own base.

Does this mean that the Democrats are condemned to permanent minority status? No. The religious right - not to be confused with religious Americans in general - isn't a majority, or even a dominant minority. It's just one bloc of voters, whom the Republican Party has learned to mobilize with wedge issues like this year's polarizing debate over gay marriage.

Rather than catering to voters who will never support them, the Democrats - who are doing pretty well at getting the votes of moderates and independents - need to become equally effective at mobilizing their own base.

In fact, they have made good strides, showing much more unity and intensity than anyone thought possible a year ago. But for the lingering aura of 9/11, they would have won.

What they need to do now is develop a political program aimed at maintaining and increasing the intensity. That means setting some realistic but critical goals for the next year.

Democrats shouldn't cave in to Mr. Bush when he tries to appoint highly partisan judges - even when the effort to block a bad appointment fails, it will show supporters that the party stands for something. They should gear up for a bid to retake the Senate or at least make a major dent in the Republican lead. They should keep the pressure on Mr. Bush when he makes terrible policy decisions, which he will.

It's all right to take a few weeks to think it over. (Heads up to readers: I'll be starting a long-planned break next week, to work on a economics textbook. I'll be back in January.) But Democrats mustn't give up the fight. What's at stake isn't just the fate of their party, but the fate of America as we know it.


E-mail: krugman@nytimes.com
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再敗四年: 民主黨, 努力向前看. 共和黨, 耀武揚威!
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兩幅漫畫, 表現了美國, 現在, 分裂的情況:



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小布希的[團結]
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My way or Highway!

恭喜啊, 美國. 你們選出個獨裁者啦. 活該!

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功虧 一簣
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回答: 如果不看制度,而強調人,那不就回到人治的社會
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sinchang:

不是[強調人]

只是指出: 這個例子, 是人的問題, 不是制度的問題.

可以說, 是制度的缺失!

當初, 希特勒, 也是這樣子!
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Congratulations, America.
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Got yourself a president you deserve! At least, for the ones who voted for him!

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連任了, 這樣子的照片, 就可以公開啦!
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麥芽糖

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Kerry 和 Gore 的風度
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君子揖讓, 小人得志, 生民塗炭!

這是Kerry的演說: Regret, no remorse in Kerry's call for unity

強大的國家, 靠有智慧的人民. 向 Kerry 和 Gore 致敬.

以下, 是兩篇文章:

Xuser: 柯瑞承認敗選,泛綠必然大作文章

胡卜凱: 美國輸了!

有意思: 胡卜凱這次沒有去新浪網貼. 在那裡, 他也不會得到類似這裡的迴響.

民進黨, 這樣一來, 有信心, 宣判[大選作票]案了.

選前十天, 禁止公佈民調, 就是作票的手段之一!
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