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美國公民入籍考試題庫

 

來源看正版:http://www.agdct.com/white_pages_pdf/wp_559.pdf

 

試題說明

年滿65 歲或以上,持綠卡(美國合法的永久居民)20 年以上,則只需學習標有

星號(H)的試題。附有藍底標記的試題代表具有時效性須依各州別而有因應的答案

應試者切要注意。

 

@Y:\長期白頁\1_美國公民入籍考試新題庫

 

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT /美國政府

A. Principals of American Democracy

美國民主原則

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

美國的最高法律是什麼?

答:The Constitution /憲法

 

2. What does the Constitution do?

 

美國的最高法律是什麼?

答:The Constitution /憲法

2. What does the Constitution do?

憲法的作用是什麼?

答:Sets up the government /

建立政府體制

答:Defines the government /定義政府

答:Protects basic rights of Americans

保護美國人的基本權利

3. The idea of self-government is in the

first three words of the Constitution.

What are these words? 憲法的前三個字

說明自治的概念。這三個字是什麼?

答:We the People /我們人民

4. What is an amendment?

什麼是修正案?

答:A change (to the Constitution) /

(憲法的)更正

答:An addition (to the Constitution) /

(憲法的)補充

5. What do we call the first ten

amendments to the Constitution?

憲法的前十項修正案稱為什麼?

答:The Bill of Rights /權利法案

6. What is one right or freedom from the

First Amendment? 列舉憲法第一條修正

案中的一項權利或自由

答:Speech /言論自由

答:Religion /宗教自由

答:Assembly /集會結社的自由

答:Press /出版自由

答:Petition the government /

向政府請願的自由

7. How many amendments does the

Constitution have? 憲法有幾條修正案?

答:Twenty-seven (27) /二十七(27)

8. What did the Declaration of Independence

do? 「獨立宣言」的作用是什麼?

答:Announced our independence

(from Great Britain) /

宣佈美國(脫離英國而)獨立

答:Declared our independence (from

Great Britain) /宣告美國(脫離英國

而)獨立

答:Said that the United States is free

(from Great Britain) / 表示美國(脫

離英國而)獨立

9. What are two rights in the Declaration

of Independence?

列舉「獨立宣言」中的兩項權利?

答:Life / 生命(的權利)

答:Liberty /自由(的權利)

答:Pursuit of happiness /

追求幸福(的權利)

10. What is freedom of religion?

什麼是宗教自由?

答:You can practice any religion, or

not practice a religion. /你可以信仰

任何宗教,也可以不信仰任何宗教

560 美國公民入籍考試新題庫

11. What is the economic system in the

United States?

美國的經濟制度是什麼?

答:Capitalist economy /資本主義經濟

答:Market economy /市場經濟

12. What is the "rule of law"?

「法治」是什麼?

答:Everyone must follow the law. /

人人都應遵守法律

答:Leaders must obey the law. /

領導人必須遵守法律

答:Government must obey the law. /

政府必須遵守法律

答:No one is above the law. /

沒有任何人在法律之上

B. System of Government

政府體制

13. Name one branch or part of the

government.

列舉政府體制的一個分支或部門

答:Congress /國會

答:Legislative /立法部門

答:President /總統

答:Executive /行政部門

答:The courts /法院

答:Judicial /司法部門

14. What stops one branch of government

from becoming too powerful?

什麼防止一個政府分支變得過於強大?

答:Checks and balances /制衡

答:Separation of powers /權力分立

15. Who is in charge of the executive

branch? 誰負責行政部門?

答:The President /總統

16. Who makes federal laws?

誰制定聯邦法律?

答:Congress /國會

答:Senate and House (of Representatives)/

參議院和眾議院

答:(U.S. or national) legislature /

(美國或國家)立法部門

17. What are the two parts of the U.S.

Congress?

美國國會由哪兩個部分組成?

答:The Senate and House (of

Representatives) /參議院與眾議院

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

美國參議員有幾位?

答:One hundred (100) /一百(100)

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many

years?

我們選出的美國參議員任職多少年?

答:Six (6) /六年

20. Who is one of your state's U.S.

Senators? 您所在州的現任一位美國參議

員的名字是什麼?

答:John Cornyn/約翰.康寧

答:Kay Bailey Hutchison/凱.貝莉.哈奇遜

21. The House of Representatives has how

many voting members?

眾議院中有投票權的眾議員有幾位?

答:Four hundred thirty-five (435) /

四百三十五(435)

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how

many years?

我們選出的美國眾議員任職多少年?

答:Two (2) /兩(2)年

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

列舉您所在選區的美國眾議員的名字?

答:達拉斯地區國會議員

答:第30選區:Eddie Bernice Johnson

/ 艾迪‧強森

答:第32選區:Pete Sessions /

彼得‧謝遜

(註:若不知道您的選區及國會議員,

請上網http://www.house.gov/,輸入

郵遞區號(5 +4 碼),即可查出您所

在地的國會議員姓名。)

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

美國參議員代表何人?

答:All people of the state /

其所在州的所有人民。

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25. Why do some states have more Representatives

than other states? 為什麼有些

州的眾議員人數比其他州多?

答:(because of) the state's population

/(由於)該州的人口。

答:(because) they have more people /

(由於)該州有更多人口。

答:(because) some states have more

people /(由於)該州的人口比其他

州多

26. We elect a President for how many

years? 我們選出的總統任職多少年?

答:Four (4) /(4)

27. In what month do we vote for

President?

我們在哪一個月份選總統?

答:November /十一月

28. What is the name of the President of

the United States now?

現任美國總統的名字是什麼?

答:Barack Obama /巴瑞克.歐巴馬

29. What is the name of the Vice President

of the United States now?

現任美國副總統的名字是什麼?

答:Joe Biden/裘.拜登

30. If the President can no longer serve,

who becomes President?

如果總統不能視事,則由誰成為總統?

答:the Vice President /副總統

31. If both the President and the Vice

President can no longer serve, who

becomes President?

如果總統和副總統都不能視事,則由誰

成為總統?

答:the Speaker of the House /

眾議院議長

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the

military? 誰是三軍統帥?

答:the President /總統

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

誰簽署法案使之成為法律?

答:the President /總統

34. Who vetoes bills? 誰否決法案?

答:the President /總統

35. What does the President's Cabinet do?

總統的內閣做什麼事?

答:advises the President /

向總統提出建議

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

兩個內閣級別的職位是什麼?

答:Secretary of Agriculture /農業部長

答:Secretary of Commerce /商務部長

答:Secretary of Defense /國防部長

答:Secretary of Education /教育部長

答:Secretary of Energy /能源部長

答:Secretary of Health and Human

Services /健康與人類服務部長

答:Secretary of Homeland Security /

國土安全部長

答:Secretary of Housing and Urban

Development /住宅與都市發展部長

答:Secretary of Interior /內政部長

答:Secretary of State 國務卿

答:Secretary of Transportation/

交通部長

答:Secretary of Treasury /財政部長

答:Secretary of Veterans' Affairs /

退伍軍人事務部長

答:Secretary of Labor /勞工部長

答:Attorney General /司法部長

答:Vice President /副總統

37. Does the judicial branch do?

司法部門做什麼?

答:Reviews laws /審查法律

答:Explains laws /解釋法律

答:Resolves disputes (disagreements)

/解決爭論(意見不一致)

答:Decides if a law goes against the

Constitution /決定某一法律是否牴

觸憲法

38. What is the highest court in the United

States? 美國最高法院是什麼?

答:The Supreme Court /聯邦最高法院

39. How many justices are on the Supreme

Court? 最高法院有幾位大法官?

答:Nine (9) / 9

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562 美國公民入籍考試新題庫

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United

States? 美國首席大法官是誰?

答:John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

/約翰‧羅伯茲(小約翰G.羅伯茲)

41. Under our Constitution, some powers

belong to the federal government.

What is one power of the federal

government?

根據我國憲法,有些權力屬於聯邦政府

。聯邦政府的一項權力是什麼?

答:to print money /印製鈔票

答:to declare war /宣戰

答:to create an army /創立軍隊

答:to make treaties /簽訂條約

42. Under our Constitution, some powers

belong to the states. What is one power

of the states?

根據我國憲法,有些權力屬於州政府。

州政府的一項權力是什麼?

答:Provide schooling and education /

提供學校及教育

答:provide protection (police) /

提供保護(警察)

答:Provide safety (fire departments) /

提供安全(消防局)

答:Give a driver's license /

核發駕駛執照

答:Approve zoning and land use /

批准區劃與土地使用

43. Who is the Governor of your state?

您居住州的現任州長是誰?

答:最新資料請上agdct.com查詢

44. What is the capital of your state?

你所在州的首府為何?

答:Austin /奧斯汀

45. What are the two major political parties

in the United States?

美國當今兩大政黨為何?

答:Democratic and Republican /

民主黨和共和黨

46. What is the political party of the

President now?

現任總統屬於哪個政黨?

答:Democratic (Party) /民主黨

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the

House of Representatives now?

眾議院的議長是誰?

答:John Boehner/約翰.波那

C. Rights and Responsibilities

權力與責任

48. There are four amendments to the

Constitution about who can vote.

Describe one of them.

憲法中有四個關於誰可以投票的修正案

。試舉一個。

答:Citizens eighteen (18) and older

(can vote). /十八(18) 歲以上的公民

(可以投票)

答:You don't have to pay (a poll tax)

to vote. /您投票不必繳錢(繳投票

稅)

答:Any citizen can vote. (Women and

men can vote.) /任何公民都可以投

票(男性與女性都可以投票)

答:A male citizen of any race (can

vote) 任何種族的男性公民(都可以

投票)

49. What is one responsibility that is only

for United States citizens?

列舉一項美國公民才有的責任?

答:Serve on a jury /當陪審員

答:Vote /在聯邦選舉中投票

50. Name one right only for United States

citizens.列舉一項美國公民才享有的權利

答:Vote in a federal election /

在聯邦選舉中投票的權利

答:Run for federal office /

競選公職的權利

51. What are two rights of everyone living

in the United States? 每一個住在美國的

人享有的兩項權利是什麼?

答:Freedom of expression /表達自由

答:Freedom of speech /言論自由

答:Freedom of assembly /

集會結社的自由

答:Freedom to petition the

government 向政府請願自由

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答:Freedom of worship /

宗教崇拜的自由

答:The right to bear arms /

持有武器的自由

52. What do we show loyalty to when we

say the Pledge of Allegiance? 當我們宣

誓效忠時,是向什麼表達忠誠?

答:the United States /美利堅合眾國

答:The flag /國旗

53. What is one promise you make when

you become a United States citizen?

當您成為美國公民時做出的一項承諾是

什麼?

答:Give up loyalty to other countries /

放棄效忠其他國家

答:Defend the Constitution and laws

of the United States /護衛美國的憲

法及法律

答:Obey the laws of the United States

/遵守美國的法律

答:Serve in the U.S. military (if

needed) 必要時)加入美國軍隊

答:Serve (do important work for) the

nation (if needed) /(必要時)為國

效勞(為國做重要工作)

答:Be loyal to the United States /

效忠美國

54. How old do citizens have to be to vote

for President?

美國公民必須幾歲才能投票選舉總統?

答:Eighteen (18) and older /

十八(18) 歲以上

55. What are two ways that Americans can

participate in their democracy?

美國人參與民主政治的兩種方法是什麼

?(註:回答下列任何兩項即可)

答:Vote /投票

答:Join a political party /加入政黨

答:Help with a campaign /

協助競選活動

答:Join a civic group /加入公民團體

答:Join a community group /

加入社區團體

答:Give an elected official your

opinion on an issue /向民選官員提

供自己對某項議題的意見。

答:Call Senators and Representatives

/撥電給參議員和眾議員

答:Publicly support or oppose an

issue or policy /公開支持或反對某

個議題或政策

答:Run for office /競選公職

答:Write to a newspaper /向報社投函

56. When is the last day you can send in

federal income tax forms? 寄送聯邦所得

稅表的截止日期是哪一天?

答:(每年的)415

57. When must all men register for the

Selective Service? 所有男性到了哪個年

齡必須註冊「兵役登記」?

答:At age eighteen (18) /年滿十八歲時

答:Between eighteen (18) and

twenty-six (26) /十八(18) 歲至廿六

(26) 歲之間

A. Colonial Period and Independence

殖民期與獨立

58. What is one reason colonists came to

America?

殖民者當初到美國的一項理由是什麼?

答:Freedom /自由

答:Political liberty /政治自由

答:Religious freedom /宗教自由

答:Economic opportunity /經濟機會

答:Practice their religion /

從事宗教活動

答:Escape persecution /逃避迫害

59. Who lived in America before the

Europeans arrived? 歐洲人抵達美國之

前,誰已經居住在美國?

答:Native Americans /美國原住民

答:American Indians /美國印第安人

AMERICAN HISTORY 美國歷史

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60. What group of people was taken to

America and sold as slaves?

哪一群人被帶到美國並被販賣為奴?

答:Africans /非洲人

答:People from Africa /來自非洲的人

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?

殖民者為何與英國作戰?

答:Because of high taxes (taxation

without representation) /因為高額

捐稅(只繳稅,沒有代表權)

答:Because the British army stayed in

their houses (boarding, quartering)

/因為英國軍隊住在他們的住宅內

(寄宿、宿營)

答:Because they didn't have selfgovernment

/因為他們沒有自治權

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

「獨立宣言」是誰寫的?

答:(Thomas) Jefferson /

(湯瑪斯)傑弗遜(第三任總統)

63. When was the Declaration of Independence

adopted?

「獨立宣言」是何時通過採用的?

答:July 4, 1776 /1776 7 4

64. There were 13 original states.

Name three. 美國原先有13 個州。請列

舉其中三個州。

答:New Hampshire /新罕布夏

答:Massachusetts /麻薩諸塞

答:Rhode Island /羅得島

答:Connecticut /康乃狄克

答:New York /紐約

答:New Jersey 紐澤西

答:Pennsylvania /賓夕法尼亞

答:Delaware /德拉瓦

答:Maryland /馬里蘭

答:Virginia /維吉尼亞

答:North Carolina /北卡羅萊納

答:South Carolina /南卡羅萊納

答:Georgia /喬治亞

65. What happened at the Constitutional

Convention? 制憲會議達成了什麼事?

答:The Constitution was written. /

擬定憲法

答:The Founding Fathers wrote the

Constitution. /開國諸賢擬定了憲法

66. When was the Constitution written?

憲法是何時擬定的

答:1787

67. The Federalist Papers supported the

passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name

one of the writers.

《聯邦論》支持美國憲法的通過。請列

舉一名《聯邦論》的作者?

答:(James) Madison /

(傑姆斯)麥迪遜(第四任總統)

答:(Alexander) Hamilton /(亞歷山大

)漢米頓(第一任財政部長)

答:(John) Jay /(約翰)傑伊

(第一任首席大法官)

答:Publius /普布利烏斯

(以上三位共同筆名)

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is

famous for? 班哲明‧富蘭克林著稱的一

項事蹟是什麼?

答:U.S. diplomat /美國外交官

答:Oldest member of the Constitutional

Convention /制憲會議年紀最長的

成員

答:First Postmaster General of the

United States /美國第一任郵政總局

局長

答:Writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"

/《窮人理查年鑑》的作者

答:Started the first free libraries /

開辦第一個免費圖書館

69. Who is the "Father of Our Country"?

誰是「美國國父」?

答:(George) Washington /(喬治)華盛頓

70. Who was the first President?

誰是第一任總統?

答:(George) Washington /

(喬治)華盛頓(任職兩屆)

B. 1800s 1800年代

71. What territory did the United States

buy from France in 1803?

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564 美國公民入籍考試新題庫

美國在1803 年向法國購買哪塊領地?

答:the Louisiana Territory /

路易斯安那領地

: Louisiana /路易斯安那

72. Name one war fought by the United

States in the 1800s.

列舉一場美國在1800年代參與的戰爭。

答:War of 1812 /1812 年戰爭

答:Mexican-American War /美墨戰爭

答:Civil War /內戰

答:Spanish-American War /

美國與西班牙戰爭

73. Name the U.S. war between the North

and the South. 請說出美國南方與北方之

間戰爭的名稱?

答:The Civil War /內戰

答:The War between the States /

州際戰爭

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil

War. 列舉一項導致內戰的問題

答:Slavery /奴隸制度

答:Economic reasons /經濟原因

答:States' rights /各州的權力問題

75. What was one important thing that

Abraham Lincoln did? 亞伯拉罕‧林肯

的一項重要事蹟是什麼?

答:Freed the slaves (Emancipation

Proclamation) /

解放奴隸(解放宣言)

答:Saved (or preserved) the Union /

拯救(保留)聯盟

答:Led the United States during the

Civil War /在內戰期間引領美國

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation

do? 《解放宣言》達成了什麼?

答:Freed the slaves /解放了奴隸

答:Freed slaves in the Confederacy /

解放了聯邦制下的奴隸

答:Freed slaves in the Confederate

state 解放了聯邦各州的奴隸

答:Freed slaves in most Southern

states 解放了南方大部分州的奴隸

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

蘇珊B. 安東尼的事蹟是什麼?

答:Fought for women's rights /

為女權奮鬥

答:Fought for civil rights /為民權奮鬥

C. Recent American History and

Other Important Historical

Information

美國近代史與其他重要的歷史資料

78. Name one war fought by the United

States in the 1900s.

列舉一場美國在1900年代參與的戰爭?

答:World War I /第一次世界大戰

答:World War II /第二次世界大戰

答:Korean War /朝鮮戰爭

答:Vietnam War /越戰

答:(Persian) Gulf War /

(波斯灣)海灣戰爭

79. Who was President during World War I?

第一次世界大戰期間的美國總統是誰?

答:(Woodrow) Wilson/

(伍德羅)威爾遜

80. Who was President during the Great

Depression and World War II?

美國經濟大蕭條和第二次世界大戰期間

的總統是誰?

答:(Franklin) Roosevelt/弗蘭克林)

羅斯福(19331945連任四屆)

81. Who did the United States fight in

World War II? 美國在第二次世界大戰與

哪些國家作戰?

答:Japan, Germany and Italy /

日本、德國、義大利

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower

was a general. What war was he in?

艾森豪在當總統以前是將軍。他曾參加

哪一場戰爭?

答:World War II /第二次世界大戰

83. During the Cold War, what was the

main concern of the United States?

在冷戰期間,美國的主要顧慮是什麼?

答:Communism /共產主義

H

H

美國公民入籍考試新題庫565

84. What movement tried to end racial

discrimination?

哪項運動試圖結束種族歧視?

答:civil rights (movement) /

民權(運動)

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

小馬丁‧路德‧金的事蹟是什麼?

答:Fought for civil rights /為民權奮鬥

答:Worked for equality for all

Americans /為所有美國人爭取平等

86. What major event happened on

September 11, 2001 in the United

States? 美國在20019 11日發生了什

麼重大事件?

答:Terrorists attacked the United

States. 恐怖份子攻擊美國

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the

United States.

列舉一個美國印地安人部族。

[Adjudicators will be supplied with a

complete list.]USCIS 主考官將有聯邦

承認的美國印地安人部族清單)

答:Cherokee /切洛基(散居於奧克拉

荷馬與北卡羅來納州一帶,大族裔)

答:Navajo / 納瓦荷(散居於亞利桑那

州,新墨西哥州及猶他州一帶,大族

裔)

答:Sioux /

答:Chippewa /齊普瓦

答:Choctaw /喬克陶

答:Pueblo /布耶布洛

答:Apache /阿帕契

答:Iroquois /伊洛奎斯

答:Creek /庫瑞克

答:Blackfeet /佈雷克非特

答:Seminole /賽米諾利

答:Cheyenne /夏安

答:Arawak /阿拉瓦克

答:Shawnee /蕭尼

答:Mohegan /莫希根

答:Huron /休倫

答:Oneida /歐尼達

答:Lakota /拉科塔

答:Crow /克洛

答:Teton /泰頓

答:Hopi /賀皮

答:Inuit /伊努特

INTEGRATED CIVICS 綜合公民(歸化試題)

A. Geography 地理

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in

the United States.

列舉美國最長的兩條河中的一條?

答:Missouri (River) /米蘇里(河)

答:Mississippi (River) /

密西西比(河)

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the

United States?

美國西岸瀕臨什麼海洋?

答:Pacific (Ocean) /太平洋

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the

United States? 美國東岸瀕臨什麼海洋?

答:Atlantic (Ocean) /大西洋

91. Name one U.S. territory.

列舉一個美國領地?

答:Puerto Rico /波多黎各

答:U.S. Virgin Islands /美屬維京群島

答:American Samoa /美屬薩摩亞

答:Northern Mariana Islands /

北馬里亞納群島

答:Guam /關島

92. Name one state that borders Canada.

列舉一個與加拿大毗連的州?

答:Maine /緬因州

答:New Hampshire /新罕布夏州

答:Vermont /佛蒙特州

答:New York /紐約州

答:Pennsylvania /賓夕法尼亞州

答:Ohio /俄亥俄州

答:Michigan /密西根州

答:Minnesota /明尼蘇達州

答:North Dakota /北達科塔州

H

566 美國公民入籍考試新題庫

答:Montana /蒙大拿州

答:Idaho /愛達荷州

答:Washington /華盛頓州

答:Alaska /阿拉斯加州

93. Name one state that borders Mexico.

列舉一個與墨西哥毗連的州?

答:California /加利福尼亞州

答:Arizona /亞利桑那州

答:New Mexico /新墨西哥州

答:Texas /德克薩斯州

94. What is the capital of the United States?

美國的首都在哪裡?

答:Washington, D.C. /

華盛頓哥倫比亞特區

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?

自由女神像在哪裏?

答:New York (Harbor) /紐約(港)

答:Liberty Island /自由島

[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near

New York City, and on the Hudson

(River).](回答:新澤西,紐約市附近,

或在哈德遜河均屬正確答案)

B. Symbols 標誌

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

國旗上為何有十三個橫條?

答:Because there were 13 original

colonies /

因為最早有十三個(英國)殖民地

答:Because the stripes represent the

original colonies /

因為橫條代表最早的殖民地

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?

國旗上為何有五十顆星?

答:Because there is one star for each

state /因為每州有一顆星

答:Because each star represents a

state 因為每顆星代表一個州

答:Because there are 50 states /

因為有五十個州

98. What is the name of the national

anthem? 國歌的歌名為何?

答:The Star-Spangled Banner /

星光燦爛的旗幟

C. Holidays 假期

99. When do we celebrate Independence

Day? 我們慶祝獨立紀念日是在哪一天?

答:July 4 /七月四日

100. Name two national U.S. holidays.

試述兩個美國國定假日?

(注意:必須回答2 個答案)

答:New Year's Day /新年日(元旦)

答:Martin Luther King, Jr., Day /

小馬丁路德金紀念日

答:Presidents' Day /總統日

答:Memorial Day /

追悼日(美國陣亡將士紀念日)

答:Independence Day /獨立紀念日

答:Labor Day /勞工節

答:Columbus Day /哥倫布日

答:Veterans Day /退伍軍人節

答:Thanksgiving /感恩節

答:Christmas /(耶穌)聖誕節

………………………………………………


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