Apr 20, 1841:
First detective story is published
Edgar Allen Poe's story, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, first appears
in Graham's Lady's and Gentleman's Magazine. The tale is generally
considered to be the first detective story.
The story describes the extraordinary "analytical power" used by Monsieur C.
Auguste Dupin to solve a series of murders in Paris. Like the later Sherlock
Holmes stories, the tale is narrated by the detective's roommate.
Following the publication of Poe's story, detective stories began to grow
into novels and English novelist Wilkie Collins published a detective novel,
The Moonstone, in 1868. In Collins' story, the methodical Sergeant Cuff
searches for the criminal who stole a sacred Indian moonstone. The novel
includes several features of the typical modern mystery, including red herrings,
false alibis, and climactic scenes.
The greatest fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes, first appeared in 1887, in
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's novel A Study in Scarlet. The cozy English
mystery novel became popularized with Agatha Christie's Miss Marple series in
the 1920s, when other detectives like
Lord Peter Wimsey and Ellery Queen were also becoming popular. In the 1930s, sometimes called the golden age of detective
stories, the noir detective novel became the mainstay of writers like Dashiell
Hammet, Raymond Chandler, and Mickey Spillane. Tough female detectives such as
Kinsey Millhone and V.I. Warshawski became popular in the 1980s.