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http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2008/new/feb/25/today-int4.htm
自由時報2008年2月25日

利比亞狂人格達費 法空戰英雄之子?
〔編譯俞智敏/綜合報導〕利比亞總統格達費(見圖,歐新社檔案照)去年訪問法國五天風波不斷,還把私人帳篷搭建在距法國總統府艾麗榭宮近在咫止的飯店庭園內,讓法國民眾大搖其頭,法國官員更巴不得這位貴客趕快回家。但上週卻傳出格達費可能是法國空戰英雄之子的傳聞,法國人這下子恐怕是笑不出來呵。

據英國周日泰晤士報報導,法國科西嘉島維札尼市一直流傳一個說法,就是格達費實為法國空軍英雄普瑞奇歐西之子。普瑞奇歐西一九四一年曾被派駐於利比亞的沙漠中,與一名當地女子相戀並產下一子,那就是格達費。

普瑞奇歐西於一九四三年在俄羅斯上空被擊落不幸殉職,由於他身為著名的諾曼第─尼曼空軍中隊成員,因此故鄉維札尼年年都會舉行紀念活動。維札尼市長帕尼表示,他對傳說深信不疑,並舉普瑞奇歐西相片為證,指他與年輕實的格達費確實非常神似。

格達費的出身一直是個謎團,因為義大利佔領利比亞時摧毀所有紀錄。利比亞官方說法聲稱,格達費是於一九四二年誕生在一個貝都因家庭中。上週卻有一家雜誌自法國空軍檔案中,挖出了法軍高層將領針對格達費生父身分問題的相關書信。

這些書信中顯示,法國將軍德薩西於一九九九年時認定,格達費源自科西嘉的說法並非事實,因為在一九四一至四二年間,普瑞奇歐西被派駐地點距格達費的出生地有六百多公里遠,此外,專心作戰的法軍官兵也「不會因女性存在而分心」。

普瑞奇歐西姪孫則說,打從有記憶以來就不斷聽說這個傳聞,但他四處打聽的結果,卻只獲得「這是職業機密」的答案。想證明傳言是否屬實,只能靠DNA測試,不過也得要有人膽敢向格達費提出這項請求才行。


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法國一次世界大戰最後老兵辭世 享年110歲
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http://news.yam.com/afp/international/200803/20080313821219.html
法國一次世界大戰最後老兵辭世 享年110歲
法新社╱曹宇帆 2008-03-13 22:35     

 
 
(法新社巴黎十三日電)法國總統沙柯吉說,最後一位打過第一次世界大戰的法國退伍老兵龐帝斯里昨天辭世,享年一百一十歲。這位老兵是義大利移民,曾經為了加入外籍兵團而謊報年齡,並曾打過壕溝戰。

龐帝斯里逝世於巴黎郊外的克里姆林-畢塞特區的家中,臨終時女兒隨侍在側。一九一四年至一九一八年間的戰事導致歐洲分裂,有八百多萬官兵為法國浴血奮戰,最後辭世的龐帝斯里為其中一位。

回憶戰時的經驗,他曾說:「你朝著一個作父親的人開槍,戰爭愚蠢至極。」

沙柯吉向這位最後的「勇士(poilu)」表達崇高敬意。自拿破崙時代起,法國步兵被賦予這親切的暱稱。

他在聲明稿中說:「今天,我表達國家深深的感激與無限的哀思。」

沙柯吉說:「我向這位來到巴黎謀生,並選擇加入法國籍的義大利男孩致敬。一九一四年八月,他為加入外籍兵團,捍衛國家,而謊報自己的年齡,他當時才十六歲。之後在一九二一年,他再度決定永久居留在法國。」

龐帝斯里過世不滿二個月前,卡澤納夫為倒數第二位逝世的法國一次世界大戰倖存軍人,享壽也是一百一十歲。

德國最後一位一次世界大戰退伍老兵也在今年元月辭世。

目前全球仍在世的一次大戰退伍老兵共有九位。在這場戰爭中,法國、英國、俄羅斯及隨後參戰的美國,最後戰勝德國、奧匈帝國與土耳其為首的鄂圖曼帝國。

造成約一千一百萬人死亡的多數戰事大部份發生在法國北部,其特色是恐怖的壕溝戰。

在鞋盒裡保存許多勳章的龐帝斯里,過去曾堅持不要把他的死當作國家大事。

但在政府勸說後,他近來態度軟化,並說他願意「代表陣亡者」接受這項榮譽。

一項追悼龐帝斯里的彌撒將於十七日在「巴黎傷兵院」舉行,沙柯吉也將出席。拿破崙的墳墓也設在這座具歷史意義的古蹟內。

一八九七年十二月七日,龐帝斯里出生於靠近義大利北部的貝托拉村。貧困使他九歲時隻身離開家鄉到法國尋求新生活。他認為這個鄰國是「天堂」。


http://nz.news.yahoo.com/080312/8/4fbf.html
Last French World War I veteran dies at 110

Thursday March 13, 08:02 AM

PARIS (AFP) - The last French veteran of World War I, an Italian immigrant who lied about his age to join the Foreign Legion and fight in the trenches, died Wednesday aged 110, President Nicolas Sarkozy said.

Lazare Ponticelli, the last of more than eight million men who fought under French colours in the 1914-18 war that tore Europe apart, died at the home he shared with his daughter in Kremlin-Bicetre, a Paris suburb.

Reflecting on his wartime experiences, he once said: "You shoot at men who are fathers: war is completely stupid."

President Sarkozy led tributes to the last "poilu," the affectionate nickname meaning hairy or tough given to French foot soldiers since Napoleonic times.

"Today, I express the nation's deep emotion and infinite sadness," he said in a statement.
 
"I salute the Italian boy who came to Paris to earn his living and chose to become French, first in August 1914, when he lied about his age to sign up at 16 for the Foreign Legion to defend his adopted homeland. Then a second time in 1921, when he decided to remain here for good," Sarkozy said.

Ponticelli's death came less than two months after that of the penultimate French survivor of the 1914-18 war, Louis de Cazenave, who was also 110 years old.

Germany's last veteran from World War I also died in January this year.

Now there are just nine living veterans worldwide of the conflict which France, Britain, Russia and later the United States, eventually won against Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Turkish-led Ottoman Empire.

Much of the fighting, which left around 10 million dead, happened in northern France and was characterised by horrific trench warfare

Ponticelli, who kept his many war medals in a shoe box, had long insisted that he did not want his death to be marked by a national event.

But he recently relented after government pressure, saying he would accept the honour "in the name of those who died."

A mass, to be attended by Sarkozy, will be held Monday as part of the national homage to the "poilu" at Les Invalides, the historic Paris military hospice that also houses the tomb of Napoleon, said officials, who did not state the cause of his death.

Ponticelli was born on December 7, 1897, near the northern Italian village of Bettola. Poverty drove him to leave home, alone, at the age of nine to seek a new life in France, the neighbouring land he considered to be "paradise."

He worked in Paris as a paperboy and chimney sweep before signing up for the French Foreign Legion in the autumn of 1914. By December he was at the front line in the eastern Argonne forest.

"At the first attack.... we were immediately decimated because we didn't have trenches. The Germans did, but we didn't," he said of his first taste of battle.

But he did get to spend a few months in the trenches before political events changed the course of his army career.

In May 1915, after Italy had joined the war on the side of France and its allies, he was sent to the Alps to fight alongside his compatriots against the Austrians. He spent the rest of the war there.

He returned to France after the war and in 1921, along with two of his brothers, set up a piping company. That company, called Ponticelli Brothers, continues today and now counts 4,000 employees.

Ponticelli, who gave many talks about the war in schools, took French nationality in 1939. He regularly attended Armistice Day ceremonies to mark the end of World War I, and was at the last one in his hometown last November.

He will be buried Monday after the ceremony at Les Invalides in the family vault in a cemetery in Ivry-sur-Seine, a Paris suburb.



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俄州郵局 以二戰華裔英雄陳瑞鈿命名
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http://udn.com/NEWS/WORLD/WOR6/4246463.shtml
俄州郵局 以二戰華裔英雄陳瑞鈿命名
 
【世界日報╱本報華盛頓特派員林寶慶報導】 2008.03.06 08:26 pm
 
 
國會眾院院會5日無異議通過抗日空戰英雄陳瑞鈿(Arthur Chin)法案,將俄勒岡州一家郵局,以這位美國最早的空戰英雄之一命名。

俄勒岡州波特蘭市出生的陳瑞鈿,於日本侵略中國期間,先後加入中華民國空軍及美國陸軍航空隊抗日,並擊落五架敵機。陳瑞鈿戰後返美,在俄勒岡州郵局工作。70年後,波特蘭市選出的華裔國會眾議員吳振偉(David Wu),提出法案表揚及紀念這位英雄。

吳振偉5日說,他在去年才聽說陳瑞鈿的事蹟,令人非常感念,決定推動這項命名法案。吳振偉5日於眾院院會中陳述陳瑞鈿的事蹟,稱讚他是真正的英雄。

陳瑞鈿1913年在波特蘭出生,高中時即協助組織波特蘭華人飛行俱樂部,並開始上飛行課程。

日本入侵中國東北以後,19歲的陳瑞鈿在1932年,和波特蘭其他13名華裔青年共同搭船到上海,加入中國空軍抗日。

陳瑞鈿隨後被送往德國慕尼黑的飛行學校,接受德國空軍的飛行戰術訓練。

陳瑞鈿1937年到中國,以中尉軍階編入空軍第5大隊28中隊。陳瑞鈿與其他中國飛行員以寡敵眾,與日軍奮戰。1939年,陳瑞鈿被認定擊落五架半敵機,而榮獲王牌飛行員頭銜。而陳瑞鈿駕駛的戰機於同年遭襲爆炸,陳瑞鈿身受重傷。他先在中國及印度接受醫治,後來經過陳納德將軍和蔣夫人宋美齡的努力,被送回美國療傷。

康復之後,陳瑞鈿穿著美軍制服再回到中國。這次他飛的是險惡的「駝峰」航線,將中國需要的戰略物資,從印度飛越喜馬拉雅山運到中國。

陳瑞鈿1949年返美後,在波特蘭的郵局上班,1997年9月去世,他在當年10月被追封為美國空戰英雄館的第一批美國空戰英雄。

【2008/03/06 世界日報】

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二戰女情報員 辭世
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http://udn.com/NEWS/WORLD/WOR4/4232069.shtml
二戰女情報員 辭世

【歐洲日報╱法新社】 2008.02.25 05:06 pm

英國戰時情報員波兒.柯尼歐列二十四日在法國羅瓦河地區布洛瓦一家醫院過世,享年九十三歲。波兒在一九四三年空降至法國中部,協助法國地下抗敵運動。檔案照在二○○六年四月十一日攝於法國中部夏都維歐。

【2008/02/25 歐洲日報】

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