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麥芽糖

本來以為書寫的樂趣和閱讀的驚喜可以讓各人無拘無束地馳騁,所以沒寫這一篇。但是我也警覺到,這篇連載也許對取材的對象十分不公平,讓讀者不自覺地接受了我的說法。寫篇後記,算是對故事內容的虛實做一個完整的交代。

是的,這個故事的主軸的確是林正義的叛逃事件,但必須強調的是:內容是虛構的。且讓我慢慢道來。

民國六十八年五月十六日星期三,林正義隻身泅水從馬山連據點游到角嶼,曾經轟動一時。後來在民國九十一年申請返台奔喪,又掀起一陣新聞高潮。因為國防部還在追訴中,相關事證尚未解密,我寫這篇沒有太多的事實作為根據。

事件發生後的處理和決策是虛構的,因此請不要責備當時的師長。但是誤報D為B是事實,匪砲還擊也是事實,事後改為甲乙丙丁也是事實,三天內換防也是事實。

其他則為自由發揮,真真假假。

文中的地點、相關陣地位置都使用化名。戰術作業則是依據對當時準則的回憶,相信和現在有相當的距離。人物除了林正義之外都是虛構,但期別、編裝、執掌、調動升遷的軌跡則根據事實,對於林正義的描述和評論則是本人的意見。

各位看完不論喜歡不喜歡,請不要誤以為這是歷史故事,感激之至!
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2009/10/17 23:56 【他山之石】 丐邦桃花源計劃 【歷史劇場】城市 背叛
2009/10/16 06:07 【不平則鳴】 法律界的有力人士: 叛軍逃兵, 都可以豬羊變色? 厚! 要教壞臺灣嬰崽大小嗎?
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Lockheed’s U-2: The spyplane from Area 51 - BBC
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Imagine driving a car whose engine cuts out if you drive it only a few miles below its maximum speed. A car so finally balanced that placing your coffee cup on anything other than the cup holder could cause it to swerve uncontrollably. You have to drive it – for anything up to 15 hours – in a diving suit. And when it comes to parking you can’t look out the windows, but have to rely instead on the directions of another driver guiding you to your destination from another car.

Congratulations – you might just make it as a Lockheed U-2 pilot.

The U-2 was one of the Cold War’s most infamous aircraft, a plane designed to fly over unfriendly territory too high for enemy fighters or missiles, and take pictures of unparalleled detail - and, as it has just been revealed, helped spur the development of the secret Area 51 airbase.

Designed less than 20 years after most air forces were still fielding biplane fighters, the U-2 flew at the edge of space, using cameras that could render detail down to two-and-a-half-feet from a position 13 miles (21km) above the Earth’s surface. When Top Gear and Headsqueeze presenter James May flew in a U-2 (video above), gazing at the view 70,000 feet [21.3km] up with the blackness of space above him, he and the plane’s pilot, Major John Cabigas, were the second-highest humans on the planet. Only the astronauts on the International Space Station, wheeling above the Earth some 250 miles (400km) above sea level, were higher.

The ability to fly at such altitudes is only one item on the U-2’s remarkable CV. Here BBC Future recounts some of the other amazing facts and history about one of aviation’s most intriguing designs.

No U-2, no Area 51

Built on the edge of a dry lakebed in the arid desert of Nevada, the mysteriously named Area 51 has long been a magnet for conspiracy theorists and UFO enthusiasts. The conspiracy theory was that an alien spaceship had crashed at the site, and that alien technology was then used to create some of the US Air Force’s more outlandish designs, such as the F-117 stealth fighter. The US military kept a resolute silence over the subject until this week, when it announced that the airfield wasspecifically built to test Lockheed’s U-2. A secret 1992 internal CIA history of the U-2 programme was originally declassified in 1998 with heavy redactions. But many of the formerly secret elements were made public after a records request by the National Security Archive at the George Washington University in Washington DC. CIA and Air Force staff chose the site after an aerial survey, and President Eisenhower himself signed the order. The U-2 – flying too high for aircraft of the time, supposedly – may have been behind a spate of UFO sightings.

They helped avert a deadly arms race in the 1950s…

Before the U-2, taking reliable pictures of the Soviet Union was a daunting task. The sheer size of the country made it difficult to locate secretive sites, while aircraft snooping on the country’s border were in danger of being intercepted by the USSR’s aggressive air defences.

In the mid-1950s, Soviet premier Nikita Krushchev warned the US that the USSR was making missiles “like sausages” and shows of strength at events such as the 1955 Moscow Air Show made it seem that Soviet bomber factories were working round the clock. The details of the communist state’s armament production were a mystery until the first U-2 flight from Germany in 1956. As Lockheed’s own blog on the U-2 states, it soon became apparent that the vast Russian steppes were not crammed with bomber factories, but were mostly assembling tractors. This vital intelligence meant US president Dwight D Eisenhower stepped back from a massive arms race which could have led to nuclear confrontation.

… but also almost caused the Cold War to turn hot

On 1 May 1960, a CIA U-2 piloted by Gary Powers took off from Peshawar in Pakistan on a mission to photograph the closed city of Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), before flying north across to the USSR to land in Norway. A Soviet missile battery near Sverdlovsk had other ideas – Powers’ aircraft was hit and the pilot was forced to eject, and was held prisoner by the USSR for two years.

Worse was to come two years later; during the Cuban Missile Crisis, when the US blockaded Cuba after discovering preparations to house Soviet ballistic missiles, a U-2 undertaking aerial reconnaissance over Cuba was downed, again by a Soviet surface-to-air missile. US forces went on high alert, though cooler heads prevailed, preventing armed conflict that could have ended in nuclear war.

U-2 pilots dress like spacemen… and suffer the bends

Much like their spyplane compatriots in Lockheed’s faster-than-a-bulletSR-71 Blackbird, the U-2 pilots were flying so high that normal flight suits were not enough; any cockpit decompression would have resulted in almost instant loss of consciousness. U-2 pilots are housed in spacesuits, ones which include feeding tubes to sustain them on hour-long missions; early version of the suits were essentially prototypes for those worn by Space Shuttle crews.

U-2 pilots, carrying out missions in pressurised suits for anything up to 12 hours at a time, have started developing a debilitating sickness not dissimilar to the bends – the potentially life-threatening condition deep-sea divers get when they ascend too quickly. Pilots now have to breathe pure oxygen before they start their missions to remove some of the nitrogen in their system.

Massive wingspan, tiny wheels

The U-2’s enormous wingspan is what helps give it the lift needed to stay afloat miles above the ground – it measures 103ft (31.4m) from tip-to-tip. But when it comes to landing it proves very tricky indeed. The pilot’s job is made trickier in that the aircraft’s design is so honed to keeping it in the air that the plane will only land when the wing is fully stalled, and the lack of electrically-powered controls makes the plane very physically demanding at lower altitudes. The pilot’s cockpit position, also makes it very hard to judge the plane’s distance from the ground, and there’s another problem – the undercarriage. Unlike most planes, the U-2 does not boast three-wheel undercarriage, but instead has two main landing gears located at the front and back of the aircraft, like bicycle wheels. The landing procedure is so precarious that U-2s are accompanied by a fellow pilot following the plane in a chase car, and giving him directions via a radio. The fun doesn’t end there; when the plane comes to rest it’s with one wingtip scraping along the ground. The wingtips are reinforced with special landing skids to take this into account.

U-2s hunt for roadside bombs in Afghanistan

The plane’s days of snooping for Soviet missile bases have long gone – U-2s are now used for less partisan work, performing atmospheric tests for Nasa. The U-2 still serves the US military, but in a manner not envisaged when it was designed by Lockheed in the 1950s. Some of the US Air Force’s remaining 32 U2’s patrol the skies above Afghanistan from a base in the Persian Gulf, in direct radio contact with troops on the ground. Its updated sensors can detect tiny traces in disturbed earth, allowing them to warn approaching troops of possible roadside bombs – all from 70,000 feet. On top of that, the plane’s lofty height has also proved useful in picking up mobile phone chatter by insurgents, which is difficult to intercept on the ground.

If you would like to comment on this article or anything else you have seen on Future, head over to our Facebook page or message us onTwitter.

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20130814-u-2-the-edge-of-space-spyplane



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電小二推薦侉子: 林毅夫與李登輝陳水扁誰叛國?
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侉子(復興崗15期同學會)

   林毅夫與李登輝陳水扁誰叛國?

 

林毅夫回台掃墓一事,從清明節前一直嚷嚷到清明節後,有人說基於人道及中國傳統的孝道,應讓林毅夫返鄉掃墓,也有人持反對立場,不同意林毅夫回台,認為他對台灣還欠一個公道!

 

國防部高部長是一口回絕,並撂下狠話,如果讓林毅夫回來,他就辭職不幹,他鎖定林毅夫是叛逃現行繼續犯,回來就得依法逮捕歸案。

 

國防部長高華柱這一聲明,無疑是斷絕林毅夫回台掃墓,我想高部長堅持的理由,表面上看是「林毅夫敵前逃亡,是唯一死刑的叛國罪」,猛一看的確也非常有理,也非常冠冕,然真正理由,恐非如此,既不是他欠台灣一個公道,要還一個公道,也非存心不講人情。

 

讓林毅夫回來,就國防部而言,按理是一件好事,所謂「自投羅網」,趁此捉拿歸案,但有兩個很大的副作用,是高部長害怕的,也是從陳水扁政府到馬政府害怕的。

 

林毅夫是所有叛逃大陸,身分地位最高的人,套一句黑道的話﹕「混得最好!」,如果叛逃能混到世界銀行總行副行長兼首席經濟顧問,對全球財經動見觀瞻,此時讓他風風光光回來,能捉拿歸案嗎?這馬上引起國際問題,這可不是小事!

 

如同意其返鄉掃祖墳,又不能緝拿歸案,掃墓事小,讓國軍群起效尤事大,到時,風光場面可以想見,他不但是宜蘭鄉親之光,也是台灣本土之光,對國軍敵我意識傷害,可以放大到無遠弗屆,兩岸國軍的心理防線勢將全面潰堤。

 

因此,在既不能同意,又不便以其它理由不同意,只好以叛逃繼續犯,阻止這燙手洋芋返鄉變成一條最有道理的道理,但又最奇怪(阻止自投羅網)的道理。

 

林毅夫叛逃時間,還在戒嚴時期,當時台灣台獨氣燄沒現在囂張,國家定位清楚,並未被民進黨台獨份子攪亂,因此,我認為林毅夫的行為,是叛國。

 

但時至民進黨執政,一心要毀滅中華民國,建立台灣國,從小到修改中華民國護照,大到把中華民國歷史從教科書上抹去,建立一邊一國看來,我認為林毅夫是做了一個正確的決定。

 

我這是從兩個不同時期的史觀,來論林毅夫所謂叛逃事件,我們以民國七七年以前看,林毅夫是叛逃。

 

從民國七七年以後到民國九七年看,林毅夫不是中華民國叛逃者,他是有遠見的一個愛國者,他選擇一個他認為的祖國,而真正背叛中華民國者是李登輝與陳水扁。

 

民國九七年後至民國一零五年,他又因馬英九的執政回復到叛逃的身分,至於一零五年後,是否還是叛逃,則端視哪個政黨執政。

 

難道林毅夫真的須要活久一點才有機會回來掃祖墳嗎?林妻如此哀怨地說。

 

我覺得她話中有話,一則是突顯台灣的不人道,一則是否有暗示或委婉轉告台灣,林毅夫是有機會回來的,在她的心中,隨著大陸的崛起,統一不遠,林毅夫只要活久一點,趕得上。

 

 

Dear 侉子(復興崗15期同學會)(hsin1947):

特前來恭喜您所發表「林毅夫與李登輝陳水扁誰叛國?」一文,已經登上聯合新聞網首頁,意見評論|城邦論壇,歡迎有空前往觀看。^_^

非常謝謝您的好文分享,此推薦是利用轉址的方式連結到您的文章。如此文有原因不希望被推薦,請到電小二訪客簿留言,會盡快協助取下。

電小二



�X�B:林毅夫與李登輝陳水扁誰叛國?(電小二推薦) - 侉子的部落格 - udn部落格http://blog.udn.com/hsin1947/6368241#reply_list#ixzz1t4W0ZHX1




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呵呵!

這傢伙, 接二連三, 有人幫他緩頰!

這個爛攤子, 恐怕難收拾!




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