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Diet and treatment for the third stage of colorectal cancer
Stage III colorectal cancer is when the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the colon or rectum and surrounding tissues and organs, but has not spread to distant organs. Specifically, stage III colorectal cancer is usually divided into the following categories:
Stage IIIA: The cancer has spread to the fatty tissue and lymph nodes around the colon or rectum.
Stage IIIB: The cancer has spread into the deeper tissues of the colon or rectal wall, including the muscle layer.
Stage IIIC: The cancer has spread to the organs or tissues around the colon or rectum, such as the bladder or uterus.
For the treatment of stage III colorectal cancer, comprehensive treatment is generally adopted, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The goal of surgery is to remove the tumor and surrounding tissue, and often involves removal of associated lymph nodes. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy can help control cancer progression and reduce the risk of recurrence. The treatment plan will be determined according to the specific situation of the patient and the doctor's recommendation.
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For people with colorectal cancer, diet plays an important role in the treatment and recovery process. Here are some dietary recommendations that people with stage III colorectal cancer should pay attention to:
Increase dietary fiber intake: Dietary fiber can help maintain gut health and regular bowel movements, reducing constipation and bowel stress. It is recommended to increase the intake of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, beans and other foods rich in dietary fiber.
Avoid excessive intake of red meat and processed meat: Red meat and processed meat can increase the risk of colorectal cancer, so it is recommended to avoid or reduce their intake as much as possible.
Increase your intake of antioxidants: Antioxidants can help scavenge free radicals in the body, helping to prevent the onset and progression of cancer. It is recommended to increase the intake of foods rich in antioxidants, such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc.
Control sugar and fat intake: A diet high in sugar and fat can increase the risk of obesity and inflammation, which in turn increases the risk of colorectal cancer. It is recommended to limit the intake of sweets and fatty foods.
Watch your water intake: Maintaining adequate water intake can help prevent constipation and bowel stress, and it is recommended to drink enough water each day.
In short, the diet of patients with stage III colorectal cancer should be healthy, balanced and diverse, and it is recommended to follow the advice of doctors or nutritionists to adjust their diet.