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中國政府對台政策白皮書 2022
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胡卜凱

國政府發表了《台灣問題與新時代中國統一事業》白皮書(工商時報蘋果新聞網)。下文是The Interpreter 的相關報導和分析。我節錄部分內容;並用紅、藍兩色及粗體字標示重點。

文中指出新版本在語氣、措辭、和政策分析上,與1993年版和2000年版有相當大的差異。依照「有幾分實力說幾分話」的原則,這是意料中的結果。「一國兩制」的內容有變,不足為奇。其實不論《對台政策白皮書》「說」了些什麼,在執行實際政策時,自然還會有落差。隨著時間的過去實力跟著相對(於美國和國際周邊國家)演變,落差間距自然也就有所變化。

另一方面,隨著兩岸實力的相對演變,雙方談判籌碼的懸殊性很可能從對等磋商落到照單全收的境況。

 

China’s Taiwan policy in the “new era”

Beijing’s latest white paper on Taiwan is a marked shift in tone from the more accommodating versions past.

CHERRY HITKARI, 08/17/22

… China has released a white paper to “reiterate” its stance on Taiwan in the “new era”. The document … but also significantly departs from the strategy Beijing had defined in the previous two white papers, issued in 1993 and 2000.

 

Far more assertive, elaborate and emotionally charged, the latest paper describes unification with Taiwan as “indispensable for the realisation of China’s rejuvenation”. …



Boasting of China’s growing economic, technological and military strength, the paper states that unification would not only prove to be beneficial to the Taiwanese in terms of an elevated economic and international stature. In case prospects for a better future fail to lure, the paper assertively reminds that with its enhanced strength, China has bothgreater capabilities” and a “solid foundation” to achieve its ends.

 

While peaceful reunification is defined as the “first choice”, the paper states that China “will not renounce the use of force, and we reserve the option of taking all necessary measures” …

 

Another striking feature of the 2022 white paper is the redefinedOne Country, Two Systemsformula previously used as a phrase to imply special status. The paper explicitly claims “Two Systems is subordinate to and derives from One Country” thus emboldening Beijing while leaving little space for Taiwanese authorities to manoeuvre. …

 

 

The promise in the 1993 white paper to allow Taiwan to continue with its own administrative, legislative and judicial institutions as well as “run its own party, political, military, economic and financial affairs” is absent in the latest version. The 2022 white paper also glosses over Taiwan’s right to maintain independent economic, cultural and social contacts with other countries and restricted rights in foreign affairs which had been explicitly mentioned in the preceding papers. Most importantly, the promise that “the mainland will not dispatch troops or administrative personnel to the island” remains absent.

 

A major shift in tone regarding the ideological nature of the future system is hard to overlook in the latest white paper. Unlike the 1993 version, the new version does not state the possibility of coexistence between socialism on the mainland and capitalism on Taiwan without one engulfing the other. …



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