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美國海軍濱海戰鬥艦(LCS)
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大揚代書-房屋二胎0988053481
巴特爾(打烊)
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http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/p/2007-10-22/1039468617.html
美軍首艘瀕海戰艦自由號完成艦載作戰系統測試

http://www.sina.com.cn 2007年10月22日 10:39 中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院

  防務新聞網站10月22日報導 洛克希德•馬丁公司表示,該公司為美海軍建造的“自由”號近海戰鬥艦已經通過了一系列的作戰系統和艦載設備的測試。

  在位於美國新澤西州莫里斯頓的洛克希德馬•丁公司系統集成中心,海軍開發的水雷任務包軟體已經集成到洛克希德•馬丁公司開發的Combatss-21作戰系統中。這種任務包軟體將所有的各種可攜帶的任務模組集中到了一起,例如有人或無人機、武器與感測器等。洛克希德•馬丁公司任務系統主任Rich Calabrese表示,該作戰系統含有水雷套裝軟體,能執行關鍵任務。水雷戰任務包是與Combatss-21作戰系統一起測試的第一套任務軟體。海軍海上系統司令部(NAVSEA)正從事近海戰鬥艦另外兩種任務包的開發,即反潛作戰任務包和反水面作戰任務包。

  同時,洛克希德•馬丁公司繼續為以色列建造近海戰鬥艦。上個月,美海軍海上系統司令部(NAVSEA)再次授予洛克希德•馬丁公司價值250萬美元合同,用於作戰系統結構的研究。

  今年初,洛克希德•馬丁公司已經完成了海軍海上系統司令部授予的價值520萬美元的合同,對以色列近海戰鬥艦的外殼、機械與工程系統進行了研究。洛克希德•馬丁公司負責以色列近海戰鬥艦專案的主任Gary Feldman表示,這種外殼能很好的適應艦載系統,並且與美海軍近海戰鬥艦的外殼非常相似。艦艇上舷的改裝對於作戰系統的安裝非常必要,並能與多功能雷達、Mk 41垂直發射系統和其他系統進行更好的匹配。

  與美海軍近海戰鬥艦相比,以色列不太看重任務模組的構想,相反地更加支援位艦艇安裝一些永久不變的系統。

  Gary Feldman表示,洛克希德•馬丁公司還將對洛克希德•馬丁公司的宙斯盾SPY-1F雷達、以色列Elta公司EL/M-2248雷達與Combatss-21系統的集成進行歷時9個月的研究。

  以色列方面已經指定採用以色列拉菲爾武器發展局(Rafael)開發的“颱風”艦載炮架。導彈系統需要具備能發射雷聲公司的“標準—2”面對空導彈的能力,但是目前的研究仍著眼于對“巴拉克—1”和“巴拉克—8”(Barak)導彈系統的集成。

  Gary Feldman還稱,該研究工作完畢以後,希望以色列能進行簽訂艦艇的設計合同。如果以色列批准購買近海戰鬥艦,那麼詳細的設計工作將在2009年開始,建造工作將於2010年開始。(中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院 吳小蘭)


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鋼材燃油價格上漲將導致LCS成本增加兩倍
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http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/p/2008-08-21/0743517510.html
鋼材燃油價格上漲將導致LCS成本增加兩倍
http://www.sina.com.cn  2008年08月21日 07:43  中國國防科技資訊網


  海事連接網站8月18日報導 洛克希德•馬丁公司表示,由於鋼材和燃油價格的上漲,美海軍近海戰鬥艦的最終成本將超過到最初預算的兩倍。

  美海軍官員上個月告知立法者,美海軍近海戰鬥艦的成本已經從最初計畫的每艘2.2億美元上漲到5.5億美元,而美海軍把成本的商場歸咎於在建造過程中設計的變動。

  分別由洛克希德•馬丁公司和通用動力公司建造的前兩艘近海戰鬥艦的成本不允許超過國會規定的每艘4.6億美元的成本上限。洛克希德•馬丁公司計畫近幾周內向美海軍交付第一艘近海戰鬥艦,在這之前,美海軍將對該艘艦艇進行一系列海事,同時洛克希德馬丁公司還將進行一些必要的修改。(中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院 吳小蘭)


http://www.marinelink.com/Story/RisingSteel%2cOilPricesRaiseLCSCosts-212588.html
Rising Steel, Oil Prices Raise LCS Costs
Monday, August 18, 2008
 
Lockheed Martin Corp. says a double-digit jump in the cost of steel and rising oil prices have influenced the rise in the final price tag of its latest warship for the Navy to more than double the initial estimates.  Navy officials last month told lawmakers the service's initial estimate of $220m per ship had ballooned to as much as $550 million, which they blamed on design changes that occurred during construction.
While the cost of the first two Littoral combat ships--one each being built by Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics Corp.-- is not allowed to breach a congressional cost cap of $460 million per vessel, the ceiling does not apply to run-ups in inflation.   Lockheed Martin is expected to deliver its first ship to the Navy in a few weeks, after the service completes its own set of trials and the company makes any necessary changes. The Navy has yet to set a date on when the ship will be commissioned.
Source:  AP

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Navy's Littoral Combat Ship Offers Transformational Capability
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http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=38990
Navy's Littoral Combat Ship Offers Transformational Capability
Story Number: NNS080808-05
Release Date: 8/8/2008 2:41:00 PM

From the Department of Defense

WASHINGTON (NNS) -- The first of the Navy's littoral combat ships, LCS-1 Freedom, got underway for builder trials on Lake Michigan on July 28. Builder trials test the ship's propulsion, communications, navigation and mission systems.

The LCS is designed to defeat threats such as mines, quiet diesel submarines and fast surface craft.

"LCS is a transformational program. It provides the first capability we've had to really be able to perform in littoral regions the way we believe we're going to need to over the next many years given all the challenges that we see worldwide in littoral regions," said Secretary of the Navy, Donald C. Winter.

He went on to add that he wanted to make the visit to get a better feel of how the ship is coming along and make a statement of how important he thinks this program is. After the completion of builder trials, the Freedom crew will begin preparing for acceptance trials.

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First-In-Class Freedom Begins Builder's Trials
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http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=38819
First-In-Class Freedom Begins Builder's Trials
Story Number: NNS080729-12
Release Date: 7/29/2008 4:48:00 PM

From Naval Sea Systems Command Public Affairs

WASHINGTON (NNS) -- The first ship in the Navy's new Littoral Combat Ship class, the future USS Freedom (LCS 1), began Builder's Trials on Lake Michigan July 28.

LCS is a fast, agile, focused-mission ship designed to defeat asymmetric "anti-access" threats such as mines, quiet diesel submarines and fast surface craft. The 378-foot Freedom is being designed and built by a Lockheed Martin-led industry team.

"Getting Freedom underway is a significant step in the ship's steady progress toward entering the fleet," said LCS Program Manager Capt. James Murdoch. "Freedom has overcome many challenges to reach this important milestone. LCS 1 will add tremendous capabilities to the fleet for our Sailors."

Builder's trials test the vessel's propulsion, communications, navigation and mission systems, as well as all related support systems. Following the completion of builder's trials, Freedom will return to Marinette Marine to prepare for acceptance trials that will be conducted by the U.S. Navy's Board of Inspection and Survey.

The LCS 1 Freedom class consists of two different hullforms ?a semiplaning monohull and an aluminum trimaran ?designed and built by two industry teams, respectively led by Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics. The seaframes will be outfitted with reconfigurable payloads, called mission packages, which can be changed out quickly. These mission packages focus on three mission areas: mine counter measures, surface warfare and anti-submarine warfare.

LCS 1 is scheduled to be delivered to the Navy later this year and will be homeported in San Diego.

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Nation’s First Littoral Combat Ship Under Way
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http://www.lockheedmartin.com/news/press_releases/2008/072808_Nations_First_LCS.html
Nation’s First Littoral Combat Ship Under Way
Freedom (LCS 1) Begins Builder’s Sea Trials

MARINETTE, WI, July 28th, 2008 -- History was made today when the nation’s first Littoral Combat Ship, Freedom (LCS 1), put to sea for the first time, marking the beginning of Builder’s Sea Trials for the first-in-class coastal surface combatant.

The agile 378-foot Freedom, designed and built by a Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT]-led industry team, is conducting Builder’s Sea Trials in Lake Michigan. The trials – which are a coordinated effort between the U.S. Navy and the Lockheed Martin team – will include operational testing of the vessel’s propulsion, communications, navigation and mission systems, as well as all related support systems.

“Freedom is now under way. Our team is looking forward to this trials period to demonstrate all the capabilities our unique design for LCS will bring to the Navy,” said Joe North, director for Lockheed Martin’s Littoral Combat Ship program. “We’re pleased to be closing in on delivering this advanced warship to the Sailors who protect our nation all over the world.”

Following the completion of Builder’s Sea Trials, Freedom will return to Marinette Marine to prepare for Acceptance Trials that will be conducted by the U.S. Navy’s Board of Inspection and Survey. LCS 1 will be delivered to the Navy later this year and home ported in San Diego, CA.

The Lockheed Martin team’s design for LCS is a survivable, semi-planing steel monohull that provides outstanding maneuverability with proven sea-keeping characteristics to support launch and recovery operations, mission execution and optimum crew comfort.  Team members also include naval architect Gibbs & Cox, ship builders Marinette Marine, a subsidiary of The Manitowoc Company, Inc. [NYSE: MTW], and Bollinger Shipyards, as well as best-of-industry domestic and international teammates to provide a flexible, low-risk war fighting solution.

Headquartered in Bethesda, MD, Lockheed Martin employs about 140,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services. The Corporation reported 2007 sales of $41.9 billion.

For additional information, visit our website:
http://www.lmlcsteam.com

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美海軍演示近海戰鬥艦首套水面作戰任務包
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http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2008-07/28/content_8787185.htm
美海軍演示近海戰鬥艦首套水面作戰任務包 
2008年07月28日 13:30:46  來源:新華網 

    新華網消息,據國防科技信息網報道,美海軍網站7月14日刊文:美海軍于7月11日在其水面作戰中心演示了近海戰鬥艦的第一套水面作戰任務包(SUW MP)。作為近海戰鬥艦三個任務包之一的水面作戰任務包主要用于在水面作戰任務區域裏提供攻擊小型艦艇的能力。這三個任務包模塊包括反潛作戰任務包、水面作戰任務包以及反水雷作戰任務包。水面作戰任務包與近海戰鬥艦的結合將為美海軍提供快速探測、跟蹤和抵抗小型艦艇威脅的能力。

    同時演示的還有首套模塊化的火炮係統,即30毫米口徑的MK46火炮。30毫米MK46火炮所擁有的標準化的網絡界面為美海軍節省的安裝費用為每一艘艦艇超過400萬美元。30毫米MK46火炮係統是Mk46 30mm火炮係統是一種兩軸穩定的鏈式火炮,射速可達200發/分。該係統採用前視紅外傳感器、微光電視攝像機、激光測距儀以及閉環跟蹤係統從而提高捕獲高速小型水面目標的精確度。這種火炮能安裝在近海戰鬥艦的艦首和艦尾,以保障不同的任務需求,該火炮能在其武器基座上發射或者由炮手在艦艇作戰信息中心裏進行遙控發射。

    SUW MP將按照協議時間交付美海軍,並且不會超出預算。近海戰鬥艦(LCS)是一種快速、敏捷和多任務平臺,主要用于參與近海行動和公海行動。該艦主要用于打擊不對稱的反介入威脅,例如水雷、靜音柴油潛艇以及快速水面目標。美海軍第一艘近海戰鬥艦“自由”(Freedom)號將于2009年服役。(中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院 吳小蘭)


http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=38397
First LCS Gun System Demonstration Held at NSWC Dahlgren
Story Number: NNS080714-03
Release Date: 7/14/2008 4:56:00 PM

From Naval Sea Systems Command Public Affairs

DAHLGREN, Va. (NNS) -- The Navy rolled out the first Surface Warfare Mission Package (SUW MP) for the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) in a ceremony July 11 at Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren, Va.

One of three interchangeable modules, the SUW MP is designed to provide warfighting capability in the SUW mission area against small boats. The modules include anti-submarine warfare, surface warfare and mine warfare.

"The capability the Surface Warfare Mission Package brings to LCS is truly unprecedented. Never before has the Navy built a ship, complemented with three modular mission packages, that is as versatile and responsive to emerging warfighting requirements. The lessons learned for LCS mission modules need to be captured and utilized from here forward for every surface combatant and amphibious ships we design for the U.S. Navy," said Vice Adm. Paul Sullivan, commander, Naval Sea Systems Command.

SUW MP will integrate with LCS to provide a flexible capability to rapidly detect, track and prosecute small-boat threats, giving the on-scene commander the capability to protect local assets and move a force quickly through a strategic waterway.

Rollout included the first modularized gun system capabilities demonstration of the Mk 46 30 millimeter gun. With its standardized networking interfaces, the Mk 46 30 millimeter gun saves the Navy more than $4 million per platform in re-engineering costs.

The Mk 46 30 millimeter gun system is a two-axis stabilized chain gun that can fire up to 200 rounds per minute. This system uses a forward-looking infrared sensor, a low light television camera and laser rangefinder with a closed-loop tracking system to optimize accuracy against small, high-speed surface targets. The gun can be mounted forward and aft of an LCS' island to support different mission requirements and can be operated locally at the gun's weapon mount or fired remotely by a gunner in the ship's combat information center.

"The SUW MP demonstrates the Navy's commitment to design ships and systems that are more modular, affordable and adaptive to a future Navy with ship classes that deliver effective capability to fight in blue, green and brown water environments," said Capt. Mike Good, program manager LCS Mission Modules.

SUW MP is on schedule and budget for delivery to the U.S. Navy. The next phase commences with software integration from the gun to the Mission Package Computing Environment and includes land based end-to-end testing of the gun at NSWC Dahlgren.

LCS is a fast, agile, focused-mission platform designed for operation in near-shore environments yet capable of open-ocean operation. It is designed to defeat asymmetric "anti-access" threats such as mines, quiet diesel submarines and fast surface craft. The first LCS, Freedom, is scheduled for commissioning in 2008.

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以色列計畫出資19億美元購4艘LCS-I瀕海戰鬥艦
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http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/p/2008-07-20/0942512210.html
以色列計畫出資19億美元購4艘LCS-I瀕海戰鬥艦
http://www.sina.com.cn 2008年07月20日 09:42 中國國防科技資訊網

  據法國航宇防務網2008年7月15日報導 美國國防安全協作署向國會通知了一項可能的對外軍售,即向以色列出售近海戰鬥艦及相應設備和服務。

  如果所有保留購買權都履行,合同總價值將高達19億。以色列政府請求購買4艘近海戰鬥艦(LCS-I型),包括船體及機械和電氣功能。每艘艦的裝備如下:

  (1)2座MK-41垂直發射系統,每座8個發射井;

  (2)1座近程防禦武器系統;

  (3)1座增強型“魚叉”導彈發射系統;

  (4)2具MK-32水面艦魚雷發射管;

  (5)通信設備和感測器;

  (6)Link 16資料鏈;

  (7)帶SPY-1F(V)相控陣雷達的COMBATSS-21作戰系統和MK-99火控系統;或艦艇自防禦系統。

  另外還包括設計和綜合服務、硬體和軟體、備件與零配件、試驗與工具套裝、人員訓練與設備、說明書、美國政府及合同商工程與後勤人員服務,以及其他相關後勤保障。估計費用為19億美元。

  以色列的戰略位置對於美國在中東地區的利益非常關鍵。美國的政策是促進中東和平,支持以色列與其他阿拉伯國家致力於和平,提高地區穩定性,提高以色列戰備和防禦能力。因此幫助以色列發展和維持強大的自我防禦能力對美國國家利益非常關鍵。在這次軍售提議中就包括了這些目的。

  美國表示,以色列海軍在將近海戰鬥艦集成到海軍兵力方面不存在困難,這次提議的軍售也不會影響該地區的基本軍事平衡。

  主要合同商包括洛克希德•馬丁公司船舶系統與感測器分部、通用動力公司武器系統分部、雷聲公司設備分部和雷聲公司綜合防禦系統分部。

  據現在所知,沒有與這次可能軍售掛鈎的其他台下的協議。如果這次提議軍售開始執行,並不需要美國政府或合同商派人員代表去以色列。該軍售也不會對美國國防戰備能力造成負面影響。這次可能軍售雖然通過法律形式公佈,但並不意味著已經敲定。(中國船舶資訊中心 文蓋雄 中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院 于紅 溫佳峰 )


http://www.defense-aerospace.com/cgi-bin/client/modele.pl?prod=96347&session=dae.39727853.1216310985.eEBdC38AAAEAACn0XpcAAAAi&modele=release
Israel - Littoral Combat Ships
 
(Source: US Defense Security Cooperation Agency; dated July 15, web-posted July 16, 2008)
 
WASHINGTON --- The Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of a possible Foreign Military Sale to Israel of Littoral Combat Ships as well as associated equipment and services.

The total value, if all options are exercised, could be as high as $1.9 billion.

The Government of the Israel has requested a possible sale of up to 4 Littoral Combat Ships (LCS-I variant): Hull, and all mechanical and electrical functions. Each ship will be equipped with:

-- 2 MK-41 Vertical Launch Systems, 8 cells for each system;
-- 1 Close-In-Weapon System, Block 1A,
-- 1 Enhanced HARPOON Launching System with launchers;
-- 2 MK-32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tubes;
-- Communications and Sensors;
-- Link 16;
-- COMBATSS-21 with SPY-1F(V) and MK-99 Fire Control System; or
-- Ship Self-Defense System.

Also includes design and integration services, hardware and software, spare and repair parts, test and tool sets, personnel training and equipment, publications, U.S. Government and contractor engineering and logistics personnel services, and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost is $1.9 billion.

Israel’s strategic position makes it vital to the United States’ interests throughout the Middle East. It is the policy of the United States to promote Middle East peace, support Israel’s commitment to peace with other regional Arab countries, enhance regional stability and promote Israeli readiness and self-sufficiency. It is vital to the U.S. national interest to assist Israel to develop and maintain a strong and ready self-defense capability. This proposed sale is consistent with those objectives.

The Israeli Navy will have no difficulty integrating the capabilities of these ships into its naval forces. The proposed sale will not affect the basic military balance in the region.

The principal contractors will be:
-- Lockheed Martin Maritime Systems and Sensors, Moorestown, NJ
-- Lockheed Martin Maritime Systems and Sensors, Eagan, MN
-- General Dynamics, Armament Systems, Burlington, VT
-- Raytheon Company, Equipment Division, Andover, MA
-- Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems, Waltham, MA

There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale.

Implementation of this proposed sale will not require the assignment of any U.S. Government or contractor representatives to the Israel.

There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale.

This notice of a potential sale is required by law; it does not mean that the sale has been concluded.

-ends-



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美將向以出售瀕海戰鬥艦,適合波斯灣作戰
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http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/mil/2008-07/18/content_8566234.htm
美將向以出售瀕海戰鬥艦,適合波斯灣作戰 
2008年07月18日 09:02:44  來源:環球時報


    環球時報記者馬俊報道五角大樓日前通報美國國會,聲稱可能將向以色列出口美國海軍未來主力戰艦之一的“瀕海戰鬥艦(LCS)”,這筆交易包括4艘同類型戰艦,總價值將超過19億美元。

    據美國《防務新聞》16日報道,在美國海軍規劃中,“瀕海戰鬥艦”將負責控制沿海地區的作戰區域,針對非對稱的沿海威脅。它的排水量只有2000多噸,但具備很強的火力,並可根據需要靈活的更換防空、反潛和水面作戰模式。美國海軍計劃由洛克希德·馬丁公司和通用動力公司分別建造兩種不同模式的型號,但因為建造費用嚴重超標,兩個型號都只造了一艘,後續生產已經暫停。據透露,這次以色列看上的是洛克希德·馬丁公司的“自由”號LCS-1的版本,它採用半滑行單船,高速性和操作性更好,可以選擇的武器包括1座57毫米/70身倍艦炮、“拉姆”艦空導彈係統以及各種反艦導彈和魚雷。

    為了緩和外界的指責,五角大樓特別聲明這項被提議的交易不會破壞該地區的軍力平衡。但分析家普遍認為,對于以色列小而精的海軍而言,“瀕海戰鬥艦”顯然比大型驅逐艦更加符合其要求。特別是在狹窄的波斯灣,“瀕海戰鬥艦”足以有效應對伊朗的快艇群和潛艇的威脅。


http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3630717&c=SEA&s=TOP
Israel May Buy Littoral Combat Ships: Pentagon
By agence france-presse
Published: 16 Jul 18:52 EDT (22:52 GMT)

WASHINGTON - The Pentagon said July 16 it has notified Congress of a possible sale of four littoral combat ships (LCS) to Israel valued at up to $1.9 billion.

The LCS is a new generation of fast, maneuverable surface warship designed for coastal waters.

The U.S. Navy has built two of the vessels, but cancelled contracts to build two more because of cost overruns.

The Defense Security Cooperation Agency said Israel "has requested a possible sale of up to four Littoral Combat Ships (LCS-1 variant)," which is built by Lockheed Martin.

"The total value, if all options are exercised, could be as high as $1.9 billion," the agency said.

It said the proposed sale would not affect the basic military balance in the region.

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美海軍首艘近海戰鬥艦自由號準備航行試驗
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http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/2008-07-11/0925509974.html
美海軍首艘近海戰鬥艦自由號準備航行試驗
http://www.sina.com.cn 2008年07月11日 09:25 中國國防科技資訊網

  據洛克希德•馬丁公司7月10日報導 美國首艘近海戰鬥艦“自由”號的動力裝置已經完成了測試,準備進行碼頭試驗――海試之前的最後一個階段。

  “自由”號正在進行它的系列推進試驗,運行燃氣輪機和柴油發動機,通過可操縱螺旋槳的推進軸和噴水推進。長為378英尺的“自由”號採用了創新的,柴油機和燃氣輪機混合動力設備,並採用可操縱的噴水推進器。該推進系統將使該艦的巡航力超過3500海裏,允許艦艇的航速超過40節。碼頭試驗包括推進,導航,通信和其他系統的系列演示和驗證,來確保艦艇進行海試。自年初開始,“自由”號就已經取得了較大的進展。

  今年2月,“自由”號的四台750千瓦的Fincantieri Isotta Fraschini柴油機點火,它的3兆瓦的電動機也成功通過測試。3月和4月,兩台Fairbanks Morse柴油機完成了初始試驗。兩台羅爾斯•羅伊斯公司的MT30燃氣輪機,是安裝在該艦上的最大的、動力性能最強的發動機也于5月成功點火並試驗,另外羅爾斯•羅伊斯公司的Kamewa噴水推進器也成功試驗。

  在未來的幾周內,艦艇推進系統和其他系統的碼頭試驗將馬里內特船廠進行,並準備進行航行試驗。“自由”號將於2008年交付美國海軍,並以聖迭哥作為母港。(中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院 於紅)


http://www.lockheedmartin.com/news/press_releases/2008/071008_LCS1_Propulsion_Plant_Operational.html
Nation’s First Littoral Combat Ship Propulsion Plant Operational

Freedom (LCS 1) Begins Final Dockside Testing in Preparation for Underway Trials

MARINETTE, WI, July 10th, 2008 -- The propulsion plant of the nation’s first Littoral Combat Ship, Freedom (LCS 1), has completed testing in preparation for dock trials.  The ship is now ready to begin dock trials – the final stage of testing before underway trials. 

“Freedom is now exercising her propulsion train to the full extent possible in port, running the gas turbines and diesel engines; spinning shafts and pumping water through the steerable water jets,” said Dan Schultz, vice president and general manager of Lockheed Martin’s [NYSE: LMT] Maritime Security & Ship Systems line of business.  “We are looking forward to beginning underway trials in the lakes and demonstrating the capabilities this unique ship will bring to the U.S. Navy.”

The agile 378-foot Freedom is powered by an innovative, combined diesel and gas turbine propulsion plant, with steerable water jet propulsion.  This system will power the ship at cruise speeds out to ranges exceeding 3,500 nautical miles and will also allow the ship to sustain sprint speeds over 40 knots. Dock trials includes a series of demonstrations of propulsion, navigation, communication and other systems conducted to ensure the ship is ready for sea trials.

There has been rapid progress on Freedom since the beginning of the year.  In February, LCS 1’s four 750-kilowatt Fincantieri Isotta Fraschini diesel generators were lit off and its three-megawatt electrical power plant was successfully tested.  In March and April, initial testing of the two Fairbanks Morse diesel engines occurred.  The two Rolls-Royce MT30 gas turbine engines – the largest and most powerful ever installed on a Navy ship – were successfully lit off and tested in May, as were the steerable Rolls-Royce Kamewa water jets.

Over the next few weeks, dockside testing of the ship’s engines and other systems will conclude at Marinette Marine in preparation for underway trials.  Freedom will be delivered to the U.S. Navy in 2008 and will be home ported in San Diego.

The Lockheed Martin team’s design for LCS is a survivable, semi-planing steel monohull that provides outstanding maneuverability with proven sea-keeping characteristics to support launch and recovery operations, mission execution and optimum crew comfort.  Team members also include naval architect Gibbs & Cox, ship builders Marinette Marine, a subsidiary of The Manitowoc Company, Inc. [NYSE: MTW], and Bollinger Shipyards, as well as best-of-industry domestic and international teammates to provide a flexible, low-risk war fighting solution.

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美國海軍再訂購3艘近海戰艦 未來將裝備55艘
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http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/p/2008-04-25/0719497070.html
美國海軍再訂購3艘近海戰艦 未來將裝備55艘

http://www.sina.com.cn 2008年04月25日 07:19 中國船舶資訊中心

  據《簡氏國際海軍》2008年4月刊報導 美國海軍的近海戰鬥艦(LCS)計畫麻煩不斷,但最近美國海軍卻為該計畫發佈了採購三艘艦的招標書(RrP),希望在2008財年和2009財年開始建造。這對於近海戰鬥艦計畫來說,無疑是久旱逢甘露。

  然而,美國國會給出了一個4.6億美元的成本上限,如果主承包商洛克希德•馬丁公司和通用動力公司認為該計畫並不具備經濟性,那麼這會導致無人應標的尷尬境地。

  這份招標書的發佈時間為4月1日,當時通用動力公司正在籌備於4月26日首次公開展出“獨立”號(LCS 2),地點就設在子承包商奧斯圖(Austal)公司的造船廠(位於阿拉巴馬州墨比爾市)。

  如果通用動力公司和洛克希德•馬丁公司(建造LCS 1的承包商)決定參與這新的3艘艦專案競爭,獲勝者將獲得一份合同,用於在2008財年建造首艘艦,並在隨後的2009財年建造第二艘艦;另一家公司將獲得第三艘艦的合同,建造的時間設在2009 財年。

  招標書的應標日期到5月30日截止。 4月3日,美國海軍的一位發言人說海軍希望採取一個固定價格加激勵酬金合同,而不是成本加利潤合同。前四艘近海戰鬥艦採用的就是成本價利潤合同,但是這四艘艦在2007年被取消了兩艘。

  根據新的第三艘到第5艘艦的採辦策略,費用的上限提高了一倍多,而原先每艘艦為2.2億美元,這表明美國海軍認真估計了這些艦的初始成本。在減少了用於政府支援設備和其他方面開支的6000萬美元後,新的成本上限意味著造艦商有望獲得4億美元/每艘艦。

  由於出現技術整合問題,洛克希德•馬丁公司的子承包商馬里內特船舶公司建造的“自由”號(LCS 1),以及通用動力公司的自承包商奧斯圖公司建造的“獨立”號(LCS 2)都遭遇了項目延期。至2007年1月為止,這兩艘原型艦中的每一艘成本都達到了3.75億美元,並從那時起,就穩步進入4億美元的行列。

  如今美國國會預算辦公室估計,隨著成本的進一步升高,前兩艘艦單艘的最終成本可能會超過6.3億美元。 在2008年年初,可以在美國海軍的財政預算中找到這個數位。

  在重新對之前的經驗教訓進行總結後,後續艦的建造費用有可能會降低,但是根據2007年國會審批的新成本上限,對於這兩家承包商來說,都不會有很大的利潤空間。 很明顯,他們將面臨著賠本造艦的風險。

  美國海軍上將希望採辦總計55艘近海戰鬥艦,這些艦構成了2020年313艘艦隊的一部分。然而,2008年2月4日,由於受到諸多問題的干擾,美國海軍把2009財年採購11艘新艦減少到7艘。 美國海軍發言人說發佈招標書並不是對近海戰鬥艦採辦計畫的“重新啟動”,因為美國海軍從來沒有想過要停止近海戰鬥艦計畫。

  “獨立”號在4月底展出後,將被移動到一個25000噸的浮船塢,通過這個船塢把它拖到1英里(1.609千米)遠的培德(Bender)造船廠。 接下來的第二天將吊裝該艦的桅杆。完成這一工作後,浮船塢將下沉,使“獨立”號能浮在水上,並返回奧斯圖市的船廠。公司的技術人員將允許首次啟動艦上的防水發電機和主機,並進行諸如校正推進系統的工作。 作戰系統的整合的工作也將進行,與此同時,還將安裝“海拉姆”導彈系統。建造商海試,包括艦炮和導彈的實彈測試,將在2008年中期開始,並將於12月交付美國海軍。 (中國船舶資訊中心 陳練)

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美海軍第二艘LCS近海戰鬥艦下水時間推遲至4月
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http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/2008-02-01/1021483947.html
美海軍第二艘LCS近海戰鬥艦下水時間推遲至4月

http://www.sina.com.cn 2008年02月01日 10:21 中國船舶資訊中心

  每日防務2008年1月31日報導 據美國海軍消息,通用動力公司希望在“獨立”號(LCS-2)近海戰鬥艦下水前完成相關工作,因而通知了海軍已經將其下水時間推遲至4月份。不過海軍目前還沒有收到正式的請求,但會在同意通用動力公司更改建造時間表之前收到這份請求。

  “獨立”號原計劃是於2月份在墨爾本的奧斯塔(Austal)船廠下水。

  根據一位元熟悉專案的人透露的消息,推遲下水使得海軍和通用動力能夠繼續並完成相關工作,如果等到船下水後再作這些事情的話,付出的代價將要大得多。

  “我們不應該認為延遲下水時間就意味著實際的交付時間也會延遲。也不應該簡單地就任務這是一件負面的事情。LCS-1下水太早給了我們的教訓。”

  去年5月,由於LCS一系列的費用超支問題,海軍重新修訂了LCS-5和LCS-6的成本上限到每艘4.6億美元。現在,由於海軍目前只有2艘在建,而不是6艘,因而這些成本上限有望再次增加。(中國船舶資訊中心 劉娟)

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