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美國海軍濱海戰鬥艦(LCS)
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http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/p/2007-10-22/1039468617.html
美軍首艘瀕海戰艦自由號完成艦載作戰系統測試

http://www.sina.com.cn 2007年10月22日 10:39 中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院

  防務新聞網站10月22日報導 洛克希德•馬丁公司表示,該公司為美海軍建造的“自由”號近海戰鬥艦已經通過了一系列的作戰系統和艦載設備的測試。

  在位於美國新澤西州莫里斯頓的洛克希德馬•丁公司系統集成中心,海軍開發的水雷任務包軟體已經集成到洛克希德•馬丁公司開發的Combatss-21作戰系統中。這種任務包軟體將所有的各種可攜帶的任務模組集中到了一起,例如有人或無人機、武器與感測器等。洛克希德•馬丁公司任務系統主任Rich Calabrese表示,該作戰系統含有水雷套裝軟體,能執行關鍵任務。水雷戰任務包是與Combatss-21作戰系統一起測試的第一套任務軟體。海軍海上系統司令部(NAVSEA)正從事近海戰鬥艦另外兩種任務包的開發,即反潛作戰任務包和反水面作戰任務包。

  同時,洛克希德•馬丁公司繼續為以色列建造近海戰鬥艦。上個月,美海軍海上系統司令部(NAVSEA)再次授予洛克希德•馬丁公司價值250萬美元合同,用於作戰系統結構的研究。

  今年初,洛克希德•馬丁公司已經完成了海軍海上系統司令部授予的價值520萬美元的合同,對以色列近海戰鬥艦的外殼、機械與工程系統進行了研究。洛克希德•馬丁公司負責以色列近海戰鬥艦專案的主任Gary Feldman表示,這種外殼能很好的適應艦載系統,並且與美海軍近海戰鬥艦的外殼非常相似。艦艇上舷的改裝對於作戰系統的安裝非常必要,並能與多功能雷達、Mk 41垂直發射系統和其他系統進行更好的匹配。

  與美海軍近海戰鬥艦相比,以色列不太看重任務模組的構想,相反地更加支援位艦艇安裝一些永久不變的系統。

  Gary Feldman表示,洛克希德•馬丁公司還將對洛克希德•馬丁公司的宙斯盾SPY-1F雷達、以色列Elta公司EL/M-2248雷達與Combatss-21系統的集成進行歷時9個月的研究。

  以色列方面已經指定採用以色列拉菲爾武器發展局(Rafael)開發的“颱風”艦載炮架。導彈系統需要具備能發射雷聲公司的“標準—2”面對空導彈的能力,但是目前的研究仍著眼于對“巴拉克—1”和“巴拉克—8”(Barak)導彈系統的集成。

  Gary Feldman還稱,該研究工作完畢以後,希望以色列能進行簽訂艦艇的設計合同。如果以色列批准購買近海戰鬥艦,那麼詳細的設計工作將在2009年開始,建造工作將於2010年開始。(中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院 吳小蘭)


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美:濱海戰艦電腦網路有弱點
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http://tw.news.yahoo.com/美-濱海戰艦電腦網路有弱點-070828467.html
..美:濱海戰艦電腦網路有弱點
.-字+字.路透社 – 2013年4月24日 下午3:08.
....(路透華盛頓23日電)美國海軍官員今天說,網路安全測試發現最新型濱海戰艦的電腦網路有多個弱點,但這些問題還沒嚴重到,讓當局取消這種戰艦派駐新加坡8個月的任務。


這名不具名官員說,美國海軍電腦駭客專家小組接獲任務,試圖入侵美國「自由號」(USS Freedom)濱海戰艦的網路時,發現一些缺陷。美國370億美元濱海作戰艦(LCS)計畫,自由號是第一艘。

自由號上週開抵新加坡,準備停留8個月。打造自由號的洛克希德馬丁公司(Lockheed Martin Corp.)希望此舉有助於刺激亞洲各國對這款快速、敏捷、匿蹤船艦的需求。

不具名海軍官員說:「我們對整個艦隊進行這類檢查,試圖找出各個弱點,以及艦隊整體都有的問題。」

美國國防部發言人艾齊(Jennifer Elzea)說,國防部主要武器測試單位在提供給海軍的評估中,談到這艘濱海作戰艦的「資訊安全弱點」。

艾齊說:「這項評估的細節是機密。」

洛克希德馬丁公司發言人李特(Keith Little)表示,洛馬正和海軍合作,確保美國自由號電腦網絡在部署期間的安全。

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布局亞洲 美自由號戰艦抵星
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http://tw.news.yahoo.com/布局亞洲-美自由號戰艦抵星-093502609.html
..布局亞洲 美自由號戰艦抵星
.-字+字.法新社 – 2013年4月18日 下午5:35.
....(法新社新加坡18日電) 美國「自由號」(USSFreedom)濱海戰艦今天抵達新加坡,未來將部署在東南亞,凸顯歐巴馬總統以亞洲為重心的新戰略。

自由號部署時刻,正值朝鮮半島緊張情勢升高,中國大陸在南海展示海軍威力。

美國海軍官員說,自由號濱海戰艦今天上午11時左右,抵達新加坡樟宜海軍基地。新加坡是美國長期盟友,協助美軍在東南亞的後勤物流和演習。

美國海軍首艘特別設計於近海作戰的軍艦自由號,將在新加坡展開為期8個月的部署,其間將參加海軍演習和訪問其他港埠。

區域安全專家史托瑞(Ian Storey)說,部署自由號象徵華府致力確保區域航行自由。這個區域有一些世界最繁忙的船運航道。

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美艦將進駐新加坡 歐巴馬感謝星國
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http://tw.news.yahoo.com/美艦將進駐新加坡-歐巴馬感謝星國-035003613.html
..美艦將進駐新加坡 歐巴馬感謝星國
.-字+字.法新社 – 2013年4月3日 上午11:50.
....(法新社華盛頓2日電) 美國新一代「自由號」(USS Freedom)濱海戰艦將駛抵新加坡支持歐巴馬政府的「重返亞洲」政策,歐巴馬今天會見新加坡總理李顯龍時,特別感謝星國的軍事協助。

歐巴馬今天在白宮橢圓形辦公室(Oval Office)會見李顯龍前表示:「美星兩國有密切的軍事合作關係。」歐巴馬也盛讚新加坡是「全球少數最成功的國家」。

歐巴馬說:「我想感謝新加坡提供設施,使得美軍能夠在太平洋地區維持軍力。」

李顯龍則表示,新加坡「非常樂見」歐巴馬政府在亞洲再平衡(rebalancing)政策中,更加重視與亞太地區的關係。

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美近岸作戰艦 赴新加坡部署
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http://n.yam.com/cna/international/20130313/20130313292620.html
美近岸作戰艦 赴新加坡部署
中央社-2013年03月13日 下午20:16

(中央社美國軍艦自由號上12日綜合外電報導)美國海軍本月派遣近岸作戰艦自由號赴新加坡部署,全長118公尺、船員不滿100人的自由號能與東南亞盟國艦艇在淺水和島嶼間作業,有助拉近美國與盟國海軍關係。

這是這艘不是最大、也非技術最先進艦艇成為美軍最熱門艦隻的原因。在美國預算全面自動減支之際,海軍仍派自由號到新加坡,目的是確保東南亞重要水道暢通無阻。每年通過區域水道運輸的原油和貨品,價值數兆美元計。

美聯社報導,這艘長度約一個足球場,噸位不及尋常驅逐艦一半的近岸作戰艦,計劃部署在東南亞8個月。來自加州聖地牙哥(San Diego)的官兵將於4個月後輪休,由另一批船員輪值後半段,把艦隻開回加州母港。

美國太平洋艦隊負責計畫、政策和需求的副參謀長魏勒羅(Hugh Wetherald)將軍說:「我們把對他們、對區域、對戰區的承諾放得很高,因此這次部署未受(減支)影響。」

「海軍和太平洋艦隊密切關注此事。」

新加坡同意讓自由號(USS Freedom)加油、補給。海軍計劃在2、3年內派出第二艘,使其在東南亞同時維持兩艘近岸作戰艦。最終希望同時有4艘近岸作戰艦部署在這裡。

美國強調亞太地區是全球貿易重鎮,但中國大陸軍事力量崛起也是原因之一。

美軍以往在東南亞部署的艦艇以航空母艦、驅逐艦、巡洋艦等大型艦隻為主,能發射巡弋飛彈或對抗噴射戰鬥機。

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近海戰鬥艦模組快速更換概念出現問題
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http://www.dsti.net/Information/News/76780
近海戰鬥艦模組快速更換概念出現問題
2012-07-18
[據防務新聞網2012年7月14日報導]美國海軍近海戰鬥艦原先的設想是能夠快速轉換模組化任務包,可使其在單次部署中就能很容易的從掃雷艦轉換成反潛艦。但目前發現進行任務包間的轉換無法在幾天內完成,而實際上需要數周時間。

近海戰鬥艦前2艘目前在其母港聖達戈,第3艘即將交付,第4艘將於2013年交付。第1艘近海戰鬥艦“自由”號計畫在2013年春部署到新加坡,這將是近海戰鬥艦首次在西半球以外的地方部署。

評估認為,近海戰鬥艦難以完成海軍最初的戰略檔中所提出的大多數的艦隊任務,例如執行戰區安全合作和威懾任務,以及海事安全行動,例如反海盜。但近海戰鬥艦無法成功的執行設想的其他3個核心任務:前沿存在、海上控制和力量投射;而只能完成一些人道主義援助和搶險救災任務。此外,近海戰鬥艦還存在一個致命缺陷,它無法有效防禦反艦巡航導彈,而這種武器是幾乎所有潛在敵人的小型快速攻擊艦都能夠攜帶的。 (中國船舶資訊中心 於憲釗)


http://www.defensenews.com/article/20120714/DEFREG02/307140001/LCS-Quick-Swap-Concept-Dead
LCS: Quick Swap Concept Dead
U.S. Navy Revising Ships’ Operational Plans
Jul. 14, 2012 - 12:50PM   |    By CHRISTOPHER P. CAVAS

The original idea for the littoral combat ship (LCS) envisioned modular mission packages that could be rapidly swapped, so one ship could change missions easily from mine warfare, for example, to anti-submarine warfare over the course of a single deployment.

But instead of taking just days to make the switch, it’s now apparent it could take weeks. An LCS assigned to a particular operation will likely operate in a single “come-as-you-are” configuration, requiring additional ships equipped with other mission modules to provide the flexibility the concept once promised.

That’s one conclusion among many following a series of Navy exercises and reports intended to take stock of LCS. Other conclusions criticize the ship as failing to match capabilities inherent to the ships it would replace. The assessment aims to figure out what the ship can and can’t do, how it should be employed, what kind of support it will need, and what changes must be made to man and fight the ships without wearing out their small crews.

These include a classified study ordered by Adm. Mark Ferguson, the vice chief of naval operations; two war games carried out by U.S. Fleet Forces Command (USFFC) in Norfolk, Va.; and the ongoing operating experiences of the two ships already in service.

The assessment comes as LCS transitions from an acquisition and shipbuilding program into a deployable fleet asset. The first two ships are now ensconced at their home port in San Diego, and the third LCS is about to be delivered. A fourth ship arrives in 2013.

The classified study, known as the OPNAV report (referring to staff reporting to the chief of naval operations), was headed by Rear Adm. Samuel Perez. Beginning in January, Perez and a 10-person team looked at all aspects of the fleet’s “readiness to receive, employ and deploy” the LCS.

USFFC in January conducted a “sustainment war game” to understand the issues and risks in manning and supporting an LCS across the Pacific Ocean — a key concern with the Freedom, the first LCS, scheduled to deploy to Singapore in the spring of 2013. It will be the first time an LCS has operated outside the Western Hemisphere.

Another war game, focusing on operations and war fighting, was held in mid-June. The results of that effort are still being analyzed, Navy sources said.

While the Navy would not release the OPNAV report, a number of sources familiar with both LCS and the report said it lays out in greater detail the problems and issues confronting the entire LCS effort, including the concept of operations (CONOPS), manning shortages, maintenance and training concerns, modularity and mission module issues, and commonality problems between the two LCS variants.

It also cites problems with how the LCS is perceived in the fleet, how leadership presents LCS capabilities, and the need to effect changes in virtually every operational area.

“As I looked at some of the draft documentation to say how we’re going to run LCS, what I thought we needed to do was a rebaselining, understanding how much information we’ve generated on how we’re going to operate these ships, and take that and build a foundation,” said Rear Adm. Thomas Rowden, OPNAV’s director of surface warfare, during an interview at the Pentagon. “I will call this a concept of employment, or CONEMP.”

Rowden is leading the work to coordinate and compile the LCS analytical efforts.

“The reality of it is, it’s time to step back and say, what did we get wrong here?”

CONOPS
Planners originally envisaged the LCS as a replacement for the fleet’s frigates, minesweepers and patrol boats, but the new assessments conclude the ships are not equal to today’s frigates or mine countermeasures ships, and they are too large to operate as patrol boats.

The LCS, according to the assessments, is not able to fulfill most of the fleet missions required by the Navy’s primary strategy document, the “Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower,” and included in a 2011 revision of the LCS CONOPS document.

Equipped with a surface warfare or maritime security mission package, the ships were judged capable of carrying out theater security cooperation and deterrence missions, and maritime security operations, such as anti-piracy.

But the LCS vessels cannot successfully perform three other core missions envisioned for them — forward presence, sea control or power projection missions — and they can provide only limited humanitarian assistance or disaster relief operations, sources said.

The shortcomings are well known in the fleet, prompting a perception that service leaders are looking for missions to fit LCS, rather than the other way around.

A key LCS failure identified by the OPNAV report, sources said, is its inability to effectively defend against anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs), a weapon carried by hundreds of small, fast-attack craft operated by virtually all potentially hostile navies. These weapons include C-801 and C-802 Chinese missiles, Russian SS-N-2 Styx missiles, European weapons such as the Otomat and Exocet, and U.S.-made Harpoon missiles.

Navies that can launch ASCMs include those of China, North Korea, Iran and Syria. The weapons have taken on an added dimension since 2006, when the Israeli corvette Hanit was hit by a C-802 launched by a Hezbollah shore battery in Lebanon.

The U.S. Navy’s requirements document for the LCS says it must be able to operate offensively in multithreat environments — areas that would include the Arabian Gulf or the Yellow Sea — but until a solution is found, the assessments call for a CONOPS more consistent with the ships’ capabilities, and suggest the need for studies to increase LCS combat power.

The Navy is continuing to look at ways to increase the ship’s weaponry and lethality. A major gap is for a weapon to replace the Non-Line of Sight Launch System (NLOS-LS), a surface-to-surface missile program canceled in 2010 that was to have given the LCS a prodigious capability.

“I certainly have asked to take a look at Harpoon, if we can take the weight,” Rowden said. “Also looking at the Griffin,” a small weapon being purchased for a trial installation on the Freedom. “There are some other missiles that we’re looking at, but those are the two I can talk about right now.”

The Harpoon is currently the Navy’s standard surface-to-surface missile, carried on destroyers and cruisers. But adding such a missile would probably mean removing something else to compensate for the additional weight. The Griffin is much smaller, but doesn’t pack the Harpoon’s punch.

Rowden also has asked the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) to study replacing the 57mm gun on both LCS designs with a 76mm weapon, similar to the weapon on today’s frigates.

“It’s a larger gun, more range, certainly gives us a better opportunity to engage the enemy,” Rowden said of the 76mm.

The trouble with that weapon is that it can fit on Freedom LCS 1-class ships, but not on the narrow bow of the trimaran Independence LCS 2-class. “I don’t know if we can get it on both hulls,” Rowden acknowledged.

Range is still another concern, because of capacity for both fuel and crew provisions. Although the original CONOPS called for ships to operate at sea for at least 21 days, the ships have storage capacity to only carry enough food for 14 days, according to sources familiar with the classified report.

Module Issues
The sustainment war game and the OPNAV report also discuss serious issues with the exchange of mission modules, detailing the reasons why the quick-change concept isn’t working.

“The logistics of mission package exchanges are more complicated and time-consuming than currently reflected” in the CONOPS, according to an unclassified assessment of the January war game obtained by Defense News.

The modules are considered the primary armament of the LCS. Each of the modules now in development — mine warfare, surface warfare and anti-submarine warfare — includes the module equipment, a 15-person module crew, an MH-60 helicopter with an aviation detachment of 25 people, a mission package exchange team and the ordnance required for the mission.

“Choreographing the preparation and movement of all elements to arrive in theater at the same time is a complex task and subject to potential delays,” said the war game assessment.

The LCS CONOPS calls for the swap-outs to happen OCONUS — outside the continental United States — and requires that planning for a swap needs to begin “anywhere from 30 to 60-plus days depending on the OCONUS destination,” according to the assessment.

“At present, storing mission packages in CONUS and conducting on-demand mission package exchanges OCONUS appears untenable,” the assessment read.

Suggested fixes, such as storing mission packages at a forward operating station or aboard prepositioning ships, help with the time-distance challenges, but manning and infrastructure requirements would increase.

Other problems, according to the assessment, include command-and-control issues over who has the authority to mandate a module exchange, how the request is communicated and how long a request needs to be routed and approved.

Recommendations from the war game include holding a “stand-alone event” to evaluate the exchange processes, refine timeline estimates and explore alternative methodologies.

Other recommendations include: Each mission package needs to be incorporated into the Navy’s Global Force Management planning process, an effort that includes individual ships, squadrons and units; and a cost-benefit analysis should be conducted to study forward-basing of mission packages, and the CONOPS should be revised “to more accurately reflect the logistics timeline.”

Eventually, all the effort will be gathered into the concept of employment, or CONEMP, document.

“It is not going to be a static document,” Rowden declared. “We’re going to be inputting things, and as we learn things we’re going to make modifications to keep it relevant and reflect experience.

“We’ve got folks from Fleet Forces Command, Pacific Fleet, Naval Surface Forces, Naval Air Forces, NAVSEA, OPNAV and the manpower assessment team all working together to try and understand what we’ve observed and what we have learned so we can have a good, informed document with respect to this concept of employment,” Rowden said.

“My gut tells me we’ve got to get the manning squared away, then the training, sustainment and maintenance will flow from that as we move forward,” he added. “We’ll get to a better place to say these are the things we need to do to maximize the availability and capability of the ships.”

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美國海軍“自由”號近海戰鬥艦載員數量將增加50%
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美國海軍“自由”號近海戰鬥艦載員數量將增加50%
2012-07-03
[據防務新聞網站2012年7月2日報導] 近年來美國海軍已經意識到近海戰鬥艦上配備艦員數量不足的問題,最近,海軍決定增加近海戰鬥艦上配置艦員的數量。這一改變將於7月份開始在近海戰鬥艦首艦“自由”號上實施,為其將于明年開始,為期10個月的新加坡部署作好準備。

“自由”號上將額外增加20個永久鋪位,其中包括2個軍官鋪位和18個士兵鋪位,最終的人力計畫目前尚未出爐。美國海軍水面戰主管6月26日表示,該艦目前配備40名艦員,但在新的人力計畫出臺前尚不清楚將來配備艦員的確切數量。新增職位將遍及各個崗位,從工程人員到水手長助理。目前已知的人力缺乏狀況顯示,需要更多具備複合能力的高等級船員。

除了新的人力計畫外,美國海軍最近還開展了一項試點計畫,在每艘船上新增3個海軍少尉職位,以培養更多的人才。該計畫將從最新一批畢業生離校開始。

   “獨立”號最終的人力計畫修訂將於10月前確定,界時該艦將進入維護階段並開始為前往新加坡部署作準備。海軍海上系統司令部發言人表示,目前尚未就“獨立”號近海戰鬥艦的人員配置問題作出決定。(中國船舶工業綜合技術經濟研究院 程之年)


http://www.defensenews.com/article/20120702/DEFREG02/307020001/U-S-Navy-Boosting-LCS-Core-Crew-Up-50-?odyssey=tab|topnews|text|FRONTPAGE
U.S. Navy Boosting LCS Core Crew Up to 50%
Jul. 2, 2012 - 08:53AM   |    By CHRISTOPHER P. CAVAS  

Years after sailors and planners realized the crew size of littoral combat ships was too small, the U.S. Navy has decided to increase the number of sailors on the ships.

The changes will be made on the first LCS, the Freedom, starting in July — in time to beef up the crews for next year’s 10-month deployment to Singapore.

Twenty additional berths will be permanently installed onboard Freedom — two for officers, two for chief petty officers and 16 for other enlisted — but the final manning plan has yet to be decided, Rear Adm. Thomas Rowden, the director of surface warfare, said during a June 26 interview at the Pentagon. The ship right now has a core crew of 40, but because there is no manning plan, it’s still unclear how many sailors will be added to the crews.

The added billets “will run the gamut, from support to engineering to operations to boatswain’s mates,” Rowden said. “We’ve got to get the right skill set and the right seniority.”

Among the known manning deficiencies is the need for more junior sailors, Rowden said. LCS crews tend to be more senior, reflecting the need for sailors with multiple qualifications in a small ship.

Sailors also could be added to the mine warfare mission module, he said, in addition to the core crew.

Separate from the new manning plan is a recently begun pilot program that added three fresh-cut ensigns to each crew “to start expanding our experience base,” Rowden said. “That started with the graduation of the most recent classes.”

A final decision by Rowden on Freedom’s revised manning plan is expected before October, when the ship is to wrap up a maintenance period and begin preparing for the Singapore mission.

LCSs were intended to operate with a core crew of 40 sailors, plus a mission module detachment of 15 and an aviation detachment of 25. Each LCS class — the Freedom (LCS 1) class from Lockheed Martin, and the Independence (LCS 2) class from General Dynamics/ Austal USA — was designed with a total of 75 or 76 berths, or racks in Navy parlance. The absence of overflow space means the ships frequently embark containers fitted out with racks, known as berthing modules and carried on the ships’ mission decks.

Accommodations on Freedom are particularly spacious, and all racks in the ships were originally limited to two-high arrangements. Designers of both LCS classes, however, anticipated an increase in berthing, and the racks were built to be convertible to three-highs.

No decision has yet been made about Independence, said Chris Johnson, a spokesman for Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA).

The manning plan for the LCS is relatively complex. Initially, each ship will have two 40-person crews — dubbed blue and gold — alternating about every four months. As the number of ships increases, a shift will be made to rotational crews, three for every two ships.

In addition to increased berthing arrangements on Freedom, Johnson said, the three-month work package beginning July 9 will include upgrades to the Aqueous Film-Forming Foam system, improvements to stern ramp fender stanchions, and additional fire suppression sprinklers, tank level indicators and pipe hangers. The ship’s retractable bitts will be removed to reduce weight.

In May, Freedom completed a “special trial” assessment by the Board of Inspection and Survey, or INSURV, and now is engaging in a brief period of trials and operations to certify and qualify systems and the crews’ ability to operate them.

The first stage of developmental testing for the ship’s surface warfare mission package was completed June 24, according to NAVSEA. Among the systems tested were the Mark 46 30mm gun system and smaller .50-caliber and 7.62mm machine guns, an MH-60R helicopter and an 11-meter rigid hull inflatable boat.

“Although data collected during testing remains under analysis, the systems accomplished each of the challenging test scenarios,” Capt. John Ailes, program manager for LCS Mission Module Integration, said in a statement.

A second phase of surface warfare package testing is scheduled to begin in August of next year, with operational test and evaluation to begin in January 2014. The system is to be fielded later in 2014.

Freedom will be pierside at the 32nd Street Naval Station in San Diego beginning July 9 for the second and last part of its post-shakedown availability (PSA). No further significant maintenance periods are scheduled after the PSA’s scheduled completion Oct. 19, when the ship’s blue and gold crews and the mission detachments will need to begin concentrated work-ups prior to heading for Singapore in the spring.

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星國不為美軍艦基地
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http://n.yam.com/cna/international/201205/20120511548287.html
星國不為美軍艦基地
 中央社╱中央社 2012-05-11 12:07

 (中央社記者唐佩君新加坡11日專電)美國海軍明年初將部署戰艦至新加坡,但新加坡強調僅是防務友好,不會作為美軍基地。

美國海軍日前表示,將於明年春天部署「自由號」(Freedom)新型近岸戰鬥艦至新加坡為期10個月,此舉可能引發中國大陸憂心美國涉入南海紛爭;再加上新加坡處於銜接印度洋與太平洋的要道,全球約40%貿易貨物經由此地運輸,美軍艦來星引矚目。

對此,新加坡國防部長黃永宏4月赴美訪問時,聲明美軍雖會輪流部署戰艦,但不會以新加坡為基地。

新加坡學者分析,星美戰艦部署一事已討論很久了,這樣的安排顯示星國是美國在此區域的最友好防務合作夥伴。

再加上日美4月時也宣布將常駐沖繩的部隊移轉至關島、澳洲的美軍基地,因此在新加坡派遣戰艦,是平衡美軍在亞太區域的實力,相信此區域其它國家對此安排並不覺得稀奇。

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“自由”號近海戰鬥艦尚未做好準備迎接評估
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“自由”號近海戰鬥艦尚未做好準備迎接評估
2012-05-10
    [據防務新聞網2012年5月9日報導]  2012年5月初對第一艘近海戰鬥艦“自由”號的一項預調查評估結果為“不合格”,將在5月末進行更全面的檢查。

      一位元高級檢查官的內部消息中提到:“‘自由’號上的艦員和承包商並未對預檢查做好準備,對美國海軍檢查與調查委員會的材料審查也並不熟悉。”

      總共29領域被檢查,半數(14個領域)的評估結果是“紅牌”或者“不合格”,8個領域被黃牌警告,僅有6個領域順利通過,另有一項未演示。

     檢查官認為船員和承包商有“一個好的積極的態度”,並進行了“自我批評”,但是仍然未能順利通過檢查。

     “自由”號去年大部分時間都在進行大修以及一系列的維修,最典型的是在去年3、4月份在幹船塢維修損壞了的軸系密封件,該問題導致了船體的少量進水。這種無計畫的維修導致了船員很少有機會開船出海。

     美國海軍在聖達戈的發言人薩拉塔說:“這是一個過程,船員在努力證明他們能夠通過美國海軍檢查與調查委員會的材料審查”。薩拉塔說:“為準備海軍檢查與調查委員會的材料審查,於2011年夏天進行了艦種司令材料審查。自艦種司令材料審查啟動以來,11艘艦艇中的6艘,包括“自由”號被評估為‘高風險/不合格’,3艘被評估為‘中等程度的風險’,只有2艘通過了審查。對3艘高風險艦艇重新安排了審查,其中2艘順利通過了檢查與調查委員會的審查”。
  
   “自由”號許多不合格的部分已經開始修正,而且艦種司令材料審查正計畫將于本周再次上船評估。“自由”號的檢查與調查委員會審查目前計畫在5月22日至34日在聖地牙哥進行。薩拉塔說:“在進行檢查與調查委員會審查之前,‘自由’號將進行3次演練;這些演練將對接下來的審查有幫助”。

      “獨立”號(LCS-2)於2012年5月2日抵達其位於聖地牙哥新的母港,與“自由”號匯合,“沃斯堡”(LCS-3)已經於2012年5月4日在密歇根湖完成了驗收試驗。“沃斯堡”號由馬里內特造船公司建造,主承包商是洛•馬公司。“沃斯堡”號在密歇根湖進行了所有能夠進行的測試,LCS1需要注意的主要問題區域超過50處,而LCS3則不足10處。LCS3的試航非常成功,也表明專案進展順利。
      
     默多克說:“由於近海戰鬥艦是模組化建造的,能採用不同的任務包執行不同的任務,而不需要改變整個艦艇。這種與眾不同讓人們很難接受,我們希望受到大量的批評,我們接受批評,我們歡迎批評”。(中國船舶資訊中心 於憲釗)


http://www.defensenews.com/article/20120509/DEFREG02/305090008/LCS-Program-Lauded-Freedom-Not-Yet-Ready?odyssey=tab|topnews|text|FRONTPAGE
LCS Program Lauded, But Freedom Not Yet Ready
May. 9, 2012 - 06:14PM   |    By CHRISTOPHER P. CAVAS   |

A pre-inspection assessment last week of the first Littoral Combat Ship rated the Freedom a “no-go” to proceed to a more comprehensive inspection scheduled for later this month.

The ship’s crew and contractors, said the senior inspector in an internal message, “were not prepared for the [pre-] inspection,” and “were unfamiliar with the conduct of [Board of Inspection and Survey] material checks.”

Half — 14 — of the inspected areas were rated “red,” or no-go. Eight categories received yellow marks, while six were rated green, or go. One of the 29 rated areas was not demonstrated.

While the inspector noted that the ship’s crew demonstrated “a good positive attitude” and was able to properly “self-assess,” the internal message noted that, “safety programs aboard the ship are non-existent.”

The Freedom has spent much of the past year undergoing an overhaul and a series of repairs, most notably a period in drydock in March and April to fix a broken shaft seal that resulted in minor flooding. The unscheduled repairs meant the crew had fewer opportunities to take their ship to sea.

“This is a process,” Cmdr. Jason Salata, a Navy spokesman in San Diego, said of the inspections. “The crew has to prove to us they’ve met the requirements that they can proceed forward and conduct the material inspection with the Board of Inspection and Survey” — known throughout the Navy as INSURV.

The Type Commander Material Inspection (TMIT) reviews were instituted by the Naval Surface Force last summer, Salata said, to better prepare ships for INSURV inspections.

“We want to provide a maximum level of confidence in the ship’s ability to conduct a material inspection,” he said.

Since the TMITs were begun, Salata said, six of 11 ships — including the Freedom — received the “high risk/no-go” rating. Three were rated “medium risk” and only two ships were dubbed “ready to proceed.”

The inspections for three of the high risk ships were rescheduled, while two successfully passed INSURVs.

Many of the degraded areas on the Freedom “are already in the process of being corrected,” Salata said, and the TMI team is scheduled to go back on the ship later this week to assess its progress.

The Freedom’s INSURV inspection currently is scheduled for May 22 to 24 at San Diego.

“There will be three underway rehearsals with Freedom before the INSURV,” Salata said. “There’s a bit of resiliency that needs to be put in there. That’s why practice helps.”

The TMIT review did not raise alarm bells for the director of surface warfare at the Pentagon.

“I think the results point to some of the uniqueness associated with LCS,” Rear Adm. Tom Rowden told reporters on a conference call Wednesday. “There are also contractor personnel to demonstrate [functions] as well as ship’s force.

“I am fully confident the ship and contractors and Surface Force are going to address these issues,” Rowden declared.

Rowden and Rear Adm. Jim Murdoch, program executive officer for the LCS program, spoke to reporters about recent developments with the LCS program.

The Independence (LCS 2) reached its new homeport of San Diego on May 2, joining up with the Freedom, while the Fort Worth (LCS 3) successfully completed acceptance trials on May 4 on Lake Michigan.

“We were very pleased to be able to present a complete ship,” Murdoch said of the Fort Worth, built by Fincantieri Marinette Marine in Marinette, Wisc., under prime contractor Lockheed Martin.

“We tested in the Great Lakes everything we could test,” he said. “We demonstrated full power very smoothly. The number of trials cards” — major problem areas needing attention — “was reduced from over 50 on LCS 1 to less than 10 on LCS 3.

“We are very pleased with how LCS 3 is shaping up,” Murdoch said.

“That the trial is such a success is just indicative of how we are moving forward with the program,” declared Rowden.

Both officers were asked about repeated criticisms of the LCS program in the press and from some members of Congress.

“We are confident of the past successes on LCS,” Rowden said. “The Navy routinely expects issues to arise from first-of-class ships. Repairs are made as required. This also allows us to incorporate changes in follow on ships and we’re doing that.

“Sure there’s criticism, and it kind of helps us sharpen what we need to do,” he added.

“I expect a lot of criticism because we’re different,” Murdoch said. “We’re modular. People say it isn’t adequately defensible, but I think differently. … We can put things in the mission package without having to change the ship. That’s a tough message for people to accept.

“I accept the criticism,” Murdoch said. “I welcome it.”

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美派戰艦至星國 部署10個月
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..美派戰艦至星國 部署10個月
.-字+字.路透社 – 2012年5月10日 上午10:36
....(路透華盛頓9日電)美國海軍今天表示,將於明年春天部署新型近岸戰鬥艦至新加坡,為期10個月。此舉可能引發中國大陸憂心美國涉入南海紛爭。

美國海軍水面作戰負責人羅登准將(Rear AdmiralThomas Rowden)告訴記者,部署淺水艦「自由號」(Freedom)有助於改進官兵輪調、後勤和維修程序。這可讓新一代戰艦對美國作戰指揮官發揮最大價值。

羅登在電話會議中表示:「我們會在明年春天部署船艦,時間約10個月。」「目前我們正進行船艦準備工作,以成功執行部署。」

美國在伊拉克和阿富汗的陸地戰歷時10年。為「重新平衡」美國國家安全規劃,總統歐巴馬去年下令擴大聚焦亞太地區。

美方在太平洋的所謂關鍵動作包括在星國部署近岸戰鬥艦、於澳洲北部部署陸戰隊,並與菲律賓在新的領域上發展軍事合作。

近岸戰鬥艦計畫負責人梅鐸准將(Rear AdmiralJim Murdoch)表示,一個「較小型」的40人小組會長期駐紮在新加坡,當中包括美國海軍和約聘人員。除此之外,船艦停靠新加坡進行常態定期維護時,會有不同小組人員交替進駐。

梅鐸說,美國太平洋艦隊總部珍珠港正和新加坡當局進行會談,商討駐軍安排細節。

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擴大亞太影響 美擬在星駐戰艦
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擴大亞太影響 美擬在星駐戰艦
-字+字路透社 – 2011年12月16日 下午5:32

(路透華盛頓15日電)美國海軍未來幾年將在新加坡部署數艘新型濱海戰鬥艦,也可能在菲律賓部署戰鬥艦。此舉可能加深中國大陸因南海主權糾紛而遭包圍和施壓的憂慮。

美國與澳洲上月宣布美軍加強亞太地區部署的計畫,將有2500名陸戰隊進駐澳洲北部達爾文(Darwin)的基地。

海軍軍令部長格林納特上將(Admiral JonathanGreenert)在12月號「美海軍研究學報」(U.S. NavalInstitute Proceedings)撰文表示,美國海軍將日益將重心放在亞太地區的戰略「海上十字路口」。

他説,除了歐巴馬總統宣布陸戰隊員明年開始在達爾文輪流進駐外,美國海軍也計劃「在新加坡海軍設施部署數艘我們最新的濱海戰鬥艦(LCS)」。

格林納特寫道:「我們部署在新加坡的軍艦,將與相關當局合作,在南海執行對抗海盜或掃蕩走私的行動。」

「同樣的,2025年可能也會看到P-8A海神反潛機(Poseidon)或廣域海上無人監視機在菲律賓或泰國定期部署,協助這些國家提高海域警覺。」

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