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形容詞子句可化簡為分詞片語
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限定修飾的形容詞子句,若關係代名詞為主詞時,可化簡為分詞片語.法則如下:

a.刪除該關係代名詞

b.之後的動詞變成現在分詞

c若動詞為be動詞,變成現在分詞being,可將being省略

例:

The girl who danced here yesterday is my girl friend.

=The girl dancing here yesterday is my girl friend.

例2:

Who is that boy that is standing over there?

=Who is that boy standing over there?

例3:

I like the car which is parked in front of the post office.

=I like the car parked in front of the post office.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

限定修飾的形容詞子句,若關係代名詞為主詞時,可化簡為分詞片語:

例:

I met Peter, who said that he loved Susan very much.

若為

who/which + be + n.

可化簡為先行詞的同位語

例1:

I met Peter, who is a good friend of mine.

=I met Peter, a good friend of mine. (形成同位語)

主詞同位語,可置於主詞前後位置

= I met,a good friend of mine, Peter.

例:

Peter, is a good friend of mine, came to see me yesterday.

=A good friend of mine, Peter came to see me yesterday.



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who/which is n 形成同位語
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who,which +be +n. 可化简為先行詞的同位語 :限定修飾的形容詞子句,若關係代名詞為主詞時,可化簡為分詞片語:~~~~~~~~~~~

I met Peter, who is a good friend of mine.

=I met Peter,a good friend of mine.

~~~~~~~~

We regret to announce that Mr. Charles has resigned his position as senior sales manager, (which is ) effective next Monday.

~~~~~~~~



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Due to the nurmerous job applications which were received for the supervisory staff position, it is likely that we will have to reject over half of them.

=Due to the numerous job applications received for the supervisory staff position,.....

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